Invoking Libya, African Leaders Call for More UN Action in Ivory Coast

By Scott Baldauf; Savious Kwinik | The Christian Science Monitor, March 25, 2011 | Go to article overview

Invoking Libya, African Leaders Call for More UN Action in Ivory Coast


Scott Baldauf; Savious Kwinik, The Christian Science Monitor


West African leaders called on the UN to take "all necessary action" to protect Ivorian civilians caught in a political standoff that has turned violent, but some others insist on an "African solution."

A no-fly zone imposed on one African country, Libya, seems to be inspiring African leaders to call for intervention in the increasingly violent West African country of Ivory Coast.

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has called on the United Nations to "use all necessary means" to protect the lives of civilians in Ivory Coast, which seems poised to return to civil war because the incumbent leader, President Laurent Gbagbo, refuses to step down from power after losing Nov. 28, 2010 elections to his rival, Alassane Ouattara.

The African Union, the UN, and the nations of ECOWAS have declared the elections free and fair and declared Mr. Ouattara the winner, but armed forces loyal to Mr. Gbagbo continue to control much of the southern half of the country, including Abidjan, which remains the country's power center despite no longer being the capital and has become a violently divided city. More than 450 civilians have been killed, mainly by pro-Gbagbo forces and militias, since the election and up to 1 million civilians have been forced from their homes by the fighting, according to the UN.

Think you know where Ivory Coast is? Take our geography quiz.

In a statement issued by ECOWAS after its Thursday meeting, West African leaders requested that the UN Security Council "strengthen the mandate of the United Nations' Operation in [Ivory Coast], enabling the Mission to use all necessary means to protect life and property and to facilitate the immediate transfer of power to Mr. Alassane Ouattara."

The ECOWAS communique stopped short of calling specifically for a no-fly zone - like the one implemented in Libya that allows Western forces to shoot down any Libyan military aircraft that take to the skies to attack rebels or protestors - but the French government, in its own draft proposal submitted Friday to the UN Security Council, called for a ban on the use of heavy weapons such as artillery by Ivorian forces. Human rights groups say that pro-Gbagbo forces have shelled pro-Ouattara neighborhoods in Abidjan in recent weeks.

Mounting death toll

The growing attention to Ivory Coast is a welcome change for human rights activists who have watched with frustration as the death toll in Ivory Coast mounts, but international attention remains focused on the conflicts in Libya, Egypt, and Yemen and the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami. Efforts by the African Union to resolve the conflict, most recently in a fact-finding mission by five African presidents in early March, have all failed. Gbagbo still refuses to step down, as the AU has urged.

"The situation in Ivory Coast is falling into civil war," said Souhayr Belhassen, president of the International Federation for Human Rights, in a recent statement. "The international community must act faster and stronger in order to ensure international humanitarian law and human rights are fully respected, and to prevent massive human rights violations.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Invoking Libya, African Leaders Call for More UN Action in Ivory Coast
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.