Colombians Elbow in on Bolivian Drug Trade

By James Painter, Monitor | The Christian Science Monitor, December 1, 1991 | Go to article overview
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Colombians Elbow in on Bolivian Drug Trade


James Painter, Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor


COLOMBIAN traffickers have set their sights on Bolivia: Dozens of Colombian drug traffickers, some heavily armed, are moving into remote jungle towns in northern Bolivia to take control of the local cocaine business, the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) says.

Bolivian anti-drug police late last month destroyed what they describe as the largest cocaine laboratory ever found in the country, which officials say probably belonged to traffickers based in the Colombian city of Cali. The laboratory, situated in the jungle areas of the Beni, Bolivia's subtropical region where most of the country's cocaine laboratories are found, was capable of producing five tons of cocaine a week.

DEA officials say that from the evidence of the tire marks left on the airstrip near the laboratory, small planes known as Airocommanders probably flew the cocaine up to 1,000 kilometers (625 miles) into Colombia. The types of arms and the frequencies of radio transmitters left at the site strongly suggest links with Cali, drug officials say.

As many as 300 Colombians, most with connections in Cali, are attempting to fill the void left by the recent surrender of seven top suspected Bolivian cocaine smugglers, DEA sources say. The seven took advantage of a government amnesty which granted traffickers a two-day period to give themselves up in return for guarantees they would not be extradited. The offer expired in November.

"Every day the seven stay in custody, they lose that much more power," says Don Ferrarone, DEA chief in Bolivia. "They left their people in place, but they are being bypassed by the Colombians."

DEA intelligence sources say Colombian traffickers are fighting it out like the old Wild West in some remote towns of the Beni. Whole organizations - including bodyguards, managers, and chemists - are trying to get laboratories back in action and reestablish air routes hit by recent anti-drug raids, they say.

In June, a huge DEA-orchestrated anti-drug operation named "Safe Haven the largest ever of its kind in Bolivia - sought to take over Santa Ana, the hub of cocaine business in the Beni. "Safe Haven" failed to capture three of the DEA's targeted traffickers living in Santa Ana: Erwin Guzman, Hugo Rivero, and Oscar Roca. But the operation was thought to have prompted the three to turn themselves in.

Interior Minister Carlos Bruno Saavedra, the architect of the amnesty, has scored a major political success, analysts say. But he admits "it is too early to say" whether the surrender of the seven has made a dent in Bolivia's $400 million a year cocaine trade.

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