Peruvian Guerrillas Target Capital Shining Path Boosts Terrorism and Political Infiltration in Lima in Bid to Overthrow State

By Sally Bowen, | The Christian Science Monitor, January 27, 1992 | Go to article overview

Peruvian Guerrillas Target Capital Shining Path Boosts Terrorism and Political Infiltration in Lima in Bid to Overthrow State


Sally Bowen,, The Christian Science Monitor


IN a significant change of focus, Peru's capital city has become the prime target for terrorist attacks and infiltration by the Maoist guerrilla group Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path), according to the Peruvian Senate commission that monitors violence.

Pacification commission chairman Enrique Bernales - who simultaneously presides over the United Nations Commission on Human Rights - released a report Jan. 15 stating that 672 acts of terrorism had taken place in Lima during 1991, the vast majority attributable to Sendero.

"Lima is now the objective and chief focus of violence in Peru," Senator Bernales says.

The impoverished communities of the high Andes have traditionally been the chief battleground for Sendero, the continent's most hard-line guerrillas. Eleven years ago, under the leadership of philosophy professor Manuel Abimael Guzman Reinoso, Sendero declared war on the Peruvian state from the mountain town of Ayacucho. It remained the movement's stronghold for more than a decade.

About 25,000 Peruvians have died so far in this war, according to Bernales, with a cost to the state estimated at more than $20 billion - virtually equivalent to Peru's total foreign debt.

Last year the number of terrorist acts nationwide dropped to 1,656 from an all-time high of 2,117 in 1989. But it would be a mistake to conclude that this indicates a comparable weakening in Sendero's strength, Bernales says. The commission rather sees a change in strategy from direct action toward "a strengthening of Sendero's political activity."

Since early 1981, Sendero has claimed to be entering the second stage of the armed struggle strategic equilibrium." This phase is characterized by a stalemate with the state's legal authorities and precedes "strategic offensive," in which the guerillas will have the upper hand.

In Lima, Sendero is concentrating on infiltration of all forms of popular organization, according to Gustavo Gorriti, an expert on Sendero. Soup kitchens in the shantytowns and the government-sponsored "glass of milk" program represent the type of community organization Sendero deems the greatest threat to the achievement of its ultimate aim - to overthrow the Peruvian state.

Increasingly, the capital is witness to the familiar Sendero tactics of selective assassination and terror employed to discourage groups and individuals who resist being co-opted or controlled.

One entire squatters' settlement, Raucana, is now administered directly by Sendero, intelligence authorities say. Only six miles from downtown Lima, it is noticeably better organized than the average shantytown, with strictly observed community regulations.

Unemployed men must labor in the mud pit to make adobe bricks; all settlers must contribute to the communal soup kitchens (which reject international food aid); and community leaders mete out public lashings to petty thieves and criminals. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Peruvian Guerrillas Target Capital Shining Path Boosts Terrorism and Political Infiltration in Lima in Bid to Overthrow State
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.