After Year of Tumultuous Politics, Kenya Set for Multiparty Elections

By Robert M. Press, writer of The Christian Science Monitor | The Christian Science Monitor, December 22, 1992 | Go to article overview

After Year of Tumultuous Politics, Kenya Set for Multiparty Elections


Robert M. Press, writer of The Christian Science Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor


OF all the African countries moving from one-party authoritarian rule to multiparty democracy, Kenya is perhaps the most closely watched internationally. Western nations have long favored this East African nation for its capitalist economy and military cooperation.

But in the year since President Daniel arap Moi bowed to foreign and domestic pressure to lift a ban on opposition parties and allow open elections, Kenya has seen some of its worst civil strife since independence in 1963.

Now, with the Dec. 29 general election - the first multiparty ballot in more than 25 years - only a week away, charges persist that the government has manipulated the electoral process.

Opposition leaders and a monitoring team from the United States cite a lack of access for the opposition to state-controlled TV and radio, violent police crackdowns, and government abuse of a law requiring rally permits to limit public appearances by opposition candidates.

In light of these concerns, President Moi is likely to face public accusations of election fraud if he wins next week. Many Kenyans voice deep concern that opposition supporters might turn to violent protests if Moi wins.

But neither the opposition parties nor the US election monitoring team are ready to say that a Moi win is inevitable.

"We think there is still a chance {to win}," says Gitau Laban, an official with the Democratic Party (DP), one of the leading opposition parties.

A member of the Washington-based International Republican Institute (IRI) monitoring team, which issued a report last week on Kenya's electoral process, says: "The sense at this point is that, while the process has not been totally clean, it's too early to write it off.

"There is no doubt in our mind there has been double registration, voter-card buying, and disenfranchisement of a significant number of people who have turned 18," the team member told the Monitor. "The electronic media have been used as a {government} party instrument; KANU {the ruling Kenya African National Union} has been throwing a lot of money around."

Blame is not entirely on the government's shoulders. The opposition also has been doing some pre-election vote buying, but less than the government party, according to the IRI official. Opposition supporters as well as KANU backers have frequently thrown rocks to disrupt their opponents' rallies.

The IRI says the government and some opposition parties have "exploited ethnic differences in the name of competitive politics." IRI team spokeswoman Mary Coughlin says both sides have made irresponsible statements about the possibility of tribal violence over election results. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

After Year of Tumultuous Politics, Kenya Set for Multiparty Elections
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.