Fight over Oil Drilling in Alaska Flares Up

By Brad Knickerbocker, writer of The Christian Science Monitor | The Christian Science Monitor, February 23, 1995 | Go to article overview

Fight over Oil Drilling in Alaska Flares Up


Brad Knickerbocker, writer of The Christian Science Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor


THE fight over oil exploration in Alaska could turn into one of the major environment-versus-the-economy struggles of the 104th Congress.

In recent years, the oil industry and environmentalists have maintained an uneasy truce in Alaska. The industry knew it didn't have the votes in Congress to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to drilling, and activists didn't push too hard for permanent protection of a unique area biologists describe as "America's Serengeti."

But with a Republican-led Congress (including conservative Alaskans in charge of House and Senate committees dealing with natural resources), domestic oil production at its lowest point in 40 years, and oil imports now topping the 50-percent mark, that cease-fire is likely to be broken.

Pro-environment lawmakers last week announced legislation that would designate the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) as wilderness, thereby putting it permanently off-limits to oil drilling.

"Wilderness designation of the plain is needed to prevent the destruction of this unique and fragile ecosystem," said Rep. Bruce Vento (D) of Minnesota, author of the House bill, which now has 65 co-sponsors. Wilderness area

While most supporters of protection for ANWR are Democrats, the author of a companion bill in the Senate is a Republican - William Roth of Delaware, who wrote the 1980 legislation that set aside 19 million acres in northeastern Alaska as a national refuge.

That original Alaska lands act designated all but 1.5 million acres of the refuge as wilderness, leaving out the 125-mile coastal plain. This meant that, although it would take an act of Congress, the plain could be open to development.

The US Fish and Wildlife Service has described the area as "the only conservation system unit in North America that protects, in an undisturbed condition, the complete spectrum of arctic and subarctic ecosystems." It is home to polar bears, musk oxen, wolves, Dall sheep, grizzly bears, moose, caribou, and millions of birds. The Porcupine caribou herd (named after the river across which it migrates each year) helps sustain some 7,000 native people in Canada and Alaska.

Industry and some federal government estimates put the amount of economically recoverable crude oil beneath the surface of ANWR at several billion barrels.

Pro-development interests say this could be an important source of high-paying jobs as well as add to national security.

For the first time in history, the US last year imported more than half of the oil it used. The federal Energy Information Agency predicts that 65 percent of US energy consumption in 2000 will come from abroad.

"The simple fact is, if the US wants to increase its domestic supply of energy, we need to open up those areas that hold the greatest promise for finding new reserves of oil," Mobil Corporation said in newspaper and magazine ads last year. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Fight over Oil Drilling in Alaska Flares Up
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.