Urban Archaeology Brings Indiana Jones to Middle America

By Barbara Stahura, Monitor | The Christian Science Monitor, January 2, 1997 | Go to article overview

Urban Archaeology Brings Indiana Jones to Middle America


Barbara Stahura, Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor


This summer, archaeologist Rebecca Hawkins and her crew unearthed a 10,000-year-old stone axe-head in the Ohio River Valley - possibly the oldest tool of its kind found in North America.

But if not for an act of Congress and a developer with an itch to build an industrial railroad spur, this rare artifact might have gone undiscovered.

Welcome to the new world of the urban Indiana Jones, where the divining rod is a federal construction permit and the results are more often a result of serendipity than scholarly research. Ms. Hawkins, president of Algonquin Archaeological Consultants Inc., is one of a new and growing cadre of "contract" archaeologists who are hired to sift the sands of everything from a sewer dig to a skyscraper site before ground is broken. Museum or university-sponsored digs through Mayan ruins or Egyptian tombs are increasingly rare. Yet, thanks to a federal law requiring a survey before any development, the field of archaeology has vastly expanded. "Well in excess of 80 percent of the archaeology in the United States is now for compliance" with regulations, says Hawkins. The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 and the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 are the major forces behind this trend. The 1966 act requires federal agencies, or anyone needing federal permits or funding for a development project, to consider the effects development would have on historical properties and to take steps to mitigate those effects. The 1969 act "requires agencies to look before they leap," says Bill Lipe, president of the Society for American Archaeology. In Indiana alone, more than 1,000 new sites requiring investigation were reported to the Division of Historic Preservation and Archaeology in the past nine months. Hawkins estimates there are hundreds of archaeology firms like hers in the US now. While most sites reveal little or nothing of archaeological significance, occasionally a discovery is made that even an Egyptian scholar would appreciate. The Perry County Economic Development Corp. hired Hawkins's firm to survey its 46-acre Industrial Park Riverview. Greg Wathen, the corporation's executive director, had been through archaeological surveys before and thought this would be another routine examination. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Urban Archaeology Brings Indiana Jones to Middle America
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.