TODAY: Births: Sir Godfrey Kneller (Gottfried Kniller), painter, 1646; Hermann Anton Gelinek (Cervetti), monk, violinist and composer, 1709; George Cattermole, water-colour painter, 1800; Wilhelm Friedrich Wieprecht, inventor of the bass-tuba, 1802; F. Anstey (Thomas Anstey Guthrie), writer, 1856; William Bateson, biologist, 1861; Frank Richards (Charles Harold St John Hamilton), writer and creator of "Billy Bunter", 1876; Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, novelist, 1896; Ernest Orlando Lawrence, physicist and inventor of the cyclotron, 1901; Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, physicist, 1902.
Deaths: Thomas a Kempis (Thomas Hammerken von Kempen), monk and writer, 1471; Girolamo Fracastoro, astronomer, poet and physician, 1553; George Canning, statesman, 1827; Sir William James Erasmus Wilson, dermatologist, who, at his own expense, brought "Cleopatra's Needle" to London, 1884; Jakob Christopher Burckhardt, art historian, 1897; Eugene-Louis Boudin, painter, 1898; James-Joseph Jacques Tissot, painter and illustrator, 1902; Frank Winfield Woolworth, chain-store founder, 1919; Anton Ivanovich Denikin, anti- Bolshevik general, 1947; Shirley Jackson, writer, 1965; Jaromir Weinberger, composer, 1967; James Gould Cozzens, novelist, 1978; Nicholas John Turney Montsarrat, novelist, 1979; Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle, inventor of the jet engine, 1996.
On this day: Queen Elizabeth I reviewed her troops at Tilbury, 1588; the first mail coach ran in Britain - from London to Bristol, 1784; Dr Michel Paccard and Jacques Balmat reached the summit of Mont Blanc, 1786; the Poor Law Act was passed in England, 1834; the Red Cross League, founded by Jean-Henri Dunant, was granted immunity in time of war at the Geneva Convention, 1864; the British Academy was granted a Royal Charter, 1902; the first British troops arrived in France, 1914; the Treaty of Rawalpindi was signed, 1919; the US dirigible Akron was launched, 1931; the Battle of Britain began, 1940; the Great Train Robbery occurred when pounds 2.5m was stolen from a train at Cheddington, Buckinghamshire, 1963; President Richard Nixon resigned, the first US president to do …
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Publication information: Article title: Anniversaries. Contributors: Not available. Newspaper title: The Independent (London, England). Publication date: August 8, 1998. Page number: 7. © 2009 The Independent - London. Provided by ProQuest LLC. All Rights Reserved.
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