Gas Institute Has 500 Active Research Contracts

By Nichols, Max | THE JOURNAL RECORD, June 8, 1991 | Go to article overview

Gas Institute Has 500 Active Research Contracts


Nichols, Max, THE JOURNAL RECORD


By Max Nichols Columnist for The Journal Record About 500 active research contracts are under way in three major areas involving natural gas by the Gas Research Institute of Chicago, according to recent reports by the institute. With the Continental Conference on Natural Gas Vehicles staged this week at the University of Oklahoma Energy Center, Gas Research Institute reports were requested by The Journal Record. The institute, founded in 1976, is a private-not-for-profit organization that plans, manages and develops financing for gas-related research for its members and customers. The program is designed to provide advanced technologies for natural gas supply, transport and stor- age, and end-use applications. Most of the funding is provided by its more than 300 members, including pipelines, producers, municipal gas utilities, distribution firms and intrastate gas companies, the institute said. Pipe- line members were authorized by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to include part of their tariffs (1.51 cents per thousand cubic feet in 1989) to fund the institute. Of the institute's obligations budget of $175 million in 1989, about 55 percent was allocated to improving end-use technologies, with 27 percent for supply and 14 percent for operations. The institute contracts with laboratories, universities and manufacturing firms for research, using its own staff of more than 250 for technical and economic analysis. Since its inception, the institute has developed more than 60 new gas products, processes and techniques, which are now in the marketplace. These have included the Lennox Industries Pulse furnace, semi-rigid indoor gas piping, gas cooling systems, new cogen- eration systems, a ductile iron process, a regenerative burner with integral heat recovery, and a combination combustion analyzer and controller for industrial gas-fueled combustion. The Charles Machine Works of Perry, Okla., introduced the True Trac Direc- tional Boring System for boring holes up to 600 feet and the Ditch Witch P80 Directional Rod Pusher for holes up to 400 feet long. Here is a summary of 15 reports on contracts under way for natural gas vehicles as of March 1991 by the institute:

Development of an all-composite storage cylinder for natural gas vehicles using compressed natural gas _ The project is to develop a cylinder to hold 3,000 pounds per square inch. "A significant barrier to commerciali- zation of natural gas vehicles is the weight and cost of on-board storage cylinders," said the report. "Cylinders to date of all steel construction have been heavy and bulky. Others with thin- walled steel or aluminum liners and composite overwrap are lighter than all- steel counterparts but generally are more expensive." The all-composite tank promises a weight savings up to 50 percent and an installed cost savings of 5 percent compared to steel cylinders. Relative to metal-lined fiberglass cylinders, it would save weight of 5 percent to 20 percent and costs of 30 percent to 120 percent.

Low pressure natural gas storage _ The objective is to develop an absorbent capable of delivering 150 cubic feet of natural gas per cubic foot of material at a pressure of 500 pounds per square inch. The technology would be used as an early entry commercialization of low pressure storage and to verify long term validity of low pressure systems.

Commercial natural gas vehicle cylinders _ The objective is to develop 3,000-pound-per-square-inch aluminum fully overwrapped cylinders up to 10 feet long with increased thermal and corro- sion protection. Existing aluminum cylinders are hoop wound and exposed on the dome ends, leaving them exposed to corrosive elements.

Dedicated natural gas-fueled vehi- cles _ The objective is to improve reduced storage pressures while increas- ing storage capacity with the use of absorbents, evaluate a full scale storage system with absorbents and assess the storage technologies of absorbed natural gas and compressed natural gas. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Gas Institute Has 500 Active Research Contracts
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.