Opportunities Seen in Rebuilding Bosnia

By Bill May Journal Record Reporter | THE JOURNAL RECORD, October 1, 1996 | Go to article overview

Opportunities Seen in Rebuilding Bosnia


Bill May Journal Record Reporter, THE JOURNAL RECORD


Aviation and money could be the common denominators to build a lasting peace in war-torn Bosnia.

Because of the universal appeal and need for both, horrors and waste of war have been brought home to Oklahoma City.

With a United States-led peace accord signed, rebuilding the country is vital and one of its most important aspects is the aviation infrastructure. While the Sarajevo airport has runways relatively intact, all equipment for operating the airport -- everything from ground tugs to radar and communication equipment -- has been stripped. Along with the missing equipment, most of the trained air traffic controllers either were killed, drafted into the army, switched sides in the war or became refugees trying to escape the war. "We have only about five or six controllers left in Bosnia- Herzegovina," said Mahmud Cico, deputy director for air traffic control for the republic's Civil Aviation Authority. "We have restored some civilian aviation into Sarajevo, but most of it now is military aviation." Cico is in Oklahoma City, negotiating with the FAA Academy at the Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center to develop classes to train a core of controllers to operate the Sarajevo airport. Later, others will be trained by the core until 160 controllers have been certified. Managers will come to Oklahoma City for the training while the Federal Aviation Administration will send Ron Ward and Lee Nichols from the academy in Oklahoma City to Bosnia-Herzegovina to train other controllers. Not only will the FAA work with the Bosnians to train the air traffic controllers, but the navigation aids and communication equipment also must be replaced. Navigation equipment is expected to arrive in Sarajevo by the end of November and radar and communications equipment by the end of the year, Cico said. Now, French and United States miliary troops are handling traffic control, routing through flights around the war zone. "We're losing millions of dollars a year in airspace use fees from these airlines," Cico said. Rebuilding the ravaged country, sad as it seems, offers an opportunity for Oklahoma business concerns, Cico said. While in Oklahoma City, he has talked with private companies and the Oklahoma Department of Commerce about ventures in his country, including construction and communications work. "The CAA (Civil Aviation Authority) is a part of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and International Communications, so when I go back, I will tell my ministers what I have learned in Oklahoma City," he said. Not many buildings are left standing in the country, especially Sarajevo. Along with the building destruction, the war also destroyed all public utilities, communication and the city's water supply. "I used to stay up late at night until water was available, then get a small amount for my family, then go to work the next day," Cico said. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Opportunities Seen in Rebuilding Bosnia
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.