A Nursing Course with the Great Masters

By Mareno, Nicole A. | Nursing Education Perspectives, July/August 2006 | Go to article overview

A Nursing Course with the Great Masters


Mareno, Nicole A., Nursing Education Perspectives


TODAY'S COMPLEX AND DYNAMIC health care landscape requires inquisitive and self-reflective nurse professionals who identify and acknowledge patterns of human experience. In working toward this goal in undergraduate nursing education, faculty must move the curriculum beyond the science of nursing care into the art of nursing. With a focus on the integration of arts and humanities into nursing education, nurse educators will increase selfreflective practices among their students and augment their ability to think critically as competent and caring nurses.

While empirical evidence of how the study of art increases analytical critical thinking skills is lacking, the role of the humanities has been discussed in numerous nursing publications (1-4). Their benefits have been hailed as a driving force in the development of communication skills and the encouragement of distinctive interpretations of life situations in a sociocultural and historical context (1,2).

The use of aesthetic intervention is prominent in the nursing literature, and the active participation of students in artistic media has been explored as a means for developing creativity and enhancing meaning for students about their role as nurse in the current health care system (5,6). Other benefits, such as the illumination of personal values and morality, an increase in decisionmaking abilities, a respect for the intuitive thought process, and the fostering of curiosity and intellectual inquiry, have been cited as well (1).

An upper-division elective, Art in Nursing, was developed to enhance critical thinking by engaging undergraduate nursing students in the world of art. This course involves the integrative and creative process of critique, inquiry, and the creation of artistic endeavors, allowing students to derive themes, make inferences, and participate in the creative, intuitive process of aesthetic knowing. Emphasis is placed on the study and application of art forms as they relate to nursing care.

The six cognitive skills of critical thinking developed by the American Philosophical Association's Delphi Study (7) - interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation, and self-regulation - are the cornerstone of the course objectives and are built into assignments and evaluation techniques. They epitomize the philosophy of the course, which is to nurture and enrich the creative, perceptive, and critical thought processes of the students by engagement in the world of art. Upon completion of the course, students are expected to meet the following competencies:

* Identify, examine, and interpret themes that emerge from visual and linguistic art forms

* Analyze derived art themes for an historical perspective and relatedness to the nursing profession

* Evaluate art forms from the perspective of the professional nurse

* Make logical inferences based on perceptions of visual art forms

* Explain visual and linguistic art forms as they relate to the nursing perspective and society at large

* Engage in the process of art creation as a self-regulative, unifying experience.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

A Nursing Course with the Great Masters
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.