Situating Multidisciplinary Practice within Social History: A Systemic Analysis of Inter-Professional Competition

By Nnona, George C. | St. John's Law Review, Summer 2006 | Go to article overview

Situating Multidisciplinary Practice within Social History: A Systemic Analysis of Inter-Professional Competition


Nnona, George C., St. John's Law Review


INTRODUCTION

Imagine that medical doctors were involved in a turf war with robotic engineers over a new revolutionary procedure in medicine-a procedure involving the non-invasive use of intense-energy sources such as radiation or extreme cold to perform bloodless surgery. Imagine further that in this struggle, medical doctors find themselves on the losing end, being displaced by robotics engineers who control the robots that administer such intense energy sources to patients. To what might analysts attribute the displacement of medical doctors by robotics engineers in this struggle-a displacement that would have robotics engineers performing operations ordinarily assumed to be within the professional jurisdiction of medical doctors?1 Some analysts would no doubt attribute such a result to scheming by robotics engineers to usurp the more lucrative functions of medical doctors in the area of complex surgery. Others may even attribute it to collusion between the legislature and lobbyists working for medical engineering firms who have an interest in seeing robotics engineers-their cronies-ascend the commanding heights of the medical field. Some may even go as far as attributing the displacement of doctors to sheer professional envy by robotics engineers, pedestrian as this may seem.

None of the foregoing explanations for the professional ascendancy of the robotics engineer would necessarily be false. Indeed, all of them may be true or contain elements of the truth. Yet these reasons, whether standing individually or taken together, would provide too austere and simplified a picture of the struggle between robotics engineers and medical doctors. They would thus be inadequate as an explanation of the causes and outcome of the struggle. A closer look will reveal the shortcomings of these reasons to be, in large part, their non-immersion in the proper social, historical, and even scientific context. They are linear and atomistic in character. Being atomistic and ahistorical, they do not go far enough in capturing the complex contextual issues and other multifarious factors and problems that shaped and determined the struggle between both professions and the final results.2 Yet precisely such explanations were advanced to account for the recent struggles between the legal profession and the accounting profession, as made manifest in the debates over multidisciplinary practice.3 The primary aim of this paper is to challenge this dominant linear and atomistic presentation of the struggles between the accounting and legal professions over multidisciplinary practice ("MDP"), by providing an alternative, holistic account that situates the MDP phenomenon within relevant sociological and historical context. This account focuses on the dynamics of the inter-professional system and the historical development of both professions within that system to explain the relative weakness of the legal profession and its susceptibility to defeat in the inter-professional struggle which MDP represents. Such an account provides a full and fair view of the phenomenon by integrating a multiplicity of factors and actors in a manner that necessarily yields a wide and fresh perspective. Such an alternative account is valuable, not just intrinsically as a historical or theoretical matter, but also to the policy maker of the future who is intent on getting a good grasp on the fundamentals in this area.

This paper is divided into five parts excluding the introduction and conclusion. Part I provides the basic background information concerning MDP and the recent debates surrounding it. In doing so, it also provides greater detail about the shortcomings in the current understanding of the animating factors and causes of MDP, and the objective of this article in addressing those shortcomings. Part II introduces the system of professions, the basic framework for the analysis herein-a system in which the imperatives of natural selection are as real as they are in any ecosystem; where only the most nimble and responsive professions survive.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Situating Multidisciplinary Practice within Social History: A Systemic Analysis of Inter-Professional Competition
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.