The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864

By Berkey, Jonathan M. | The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, October 1, 2006 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864


Berkey, Jonathan M., The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography


The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864 * Gary W. Gallagher, ed. * Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006 * xxii, 392 pp. * $45.00

The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864, the ninth and largest volume of the Military Campaigns of the Civil War series, features essays on key leaders, important military engagements, and the experiences of common soldiers and civilians. Gary W. Gallagher's opening essay compares the performance of Confederate general Jubal A. Early to his Union counterpart, Philip H. Sheridan. Gallagher concludes that had resources on both sides been equal, Sheridan's accomplishments would not have exceeded Early's. Keith S. Bohannon addresses the conflict between Early and Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon over the Confederate defeat at Cedar Creek in October 1864. Gordon's postwar memoirs claimed that Early ordered a "fatal halt" when victory was in his grasp; Early blamed the defeat on undisciplined troops who stopped to plunder Union camps. Bohannon suggests that postwar considerations of mutual honor among Union and Confederate soldiers shaped Gordon's explanation. Joseph Glatthaars essay focuses on a leader not often considered in the 1864 Valley Campaign: Ulysses S. Grant. According to Glatthaar, the campaign caused Grant to consider the political aspects of his military decisions. Grant's physical absence from Washington and the need to coordinate various military departments required him to flex his political muscle to form an effective counterpoint to Early.

Other essays in the volume feature less-well-known figures. William W. Bergen traces the career of Horatio G. Wright, who oversaw the Federal effort at the battle of Cedar Creek before Sheridan arrived on the field. Bergen argues that Weight's early management of the battle allowed Sheridan to achieve victory, but Wright s loathing of the spotlight has hidden his efforts from his peers and historians. Joan Waugh examines the experience of Charles Russell Lowell, who was killed at Cedar Creek. Waugh suggests that Lowell epitomized New England's ideal Civil War soldier, who fought for the ideals of freedom and union, not to establish control over an unruly working class, as other historians have argued for members of the New England elite.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?