The Bush Administration Declares War on Terrorism, but Ignores Its Causes

By Marshall, Rachelle | Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, January/February 2002 | Go to article overview

The Bush Administration Declares War on Terrorism, but Ignores Its Causes


Marshall, Rachelle, Washington Report on Middle East Affairs


The Bush Administration Declares War on Terrorism, But Ignores Its Causes

Rachelle Marshall is a free-lance editor living in Stanford, CA. A member of the International Jewish Peace Union, she writes frequently on the Middle East.

"In my reading of European and Near East sentiment today, the Israel-Palestine conflict and America's association with Israel are the greatest single source of anti-American sentiment, crossing political, ideological, and national boundaries."--Historian Tony Judt, "America and the War," New York Review, Nov. 15, 2001.

"Undoubtedly, the sore that festers in the Middle East, that taints every aspect of life in the Middle East, is the continuing conflict between Israel and the Palestinians."--Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal, New York Times, Nov. 24.

In a speech to Congress last September, George W. Bush vowed the war on terrorism would not end "until every terrorist group of global reach has been defeated." He repeated that vow at Fort Campbell on Nov. 21 when he told troops on their way to Afghanstan, "There are other terrorists, and there are other nations willing to sponsor them. Across the world and across the years we will fight these evil ones and we will win."

The question of how far to extend the war on terrorism is still being debated at the White House. If Middle East experts are correct, however, as long as lingering grievances go unresolved U.S. forces could turn all of the suspected countries into giant bomb craters and yet still fail to stop terrorism.

Among the deepest of these grievances are Israel's dispossession and expulsion of the Palestinians 53 years ago, and its brutal treatment of those who remain. As Israel's principal benefactor and ally, the United States has become an equal target of resentment. By late November, with the Taliban in retreat and his popularity at an all-time high, President Bush was politically in a position to dispel much of this resentment. By pressuring Israel to lift its blockade of Palestinian towns and villages, abide by U.N. Security Council Resolution 242, and withdraw from all of the territory it occupied in 1967, Bush could have struck at one of the roots of terrorism. Instead he bowed to pressure from Congress and the pro-Israel lobby and backed away.

Secretary of State Colin Powell's long-anticipated speech on U.S. policy in the Middle East on Nov. 19 had raised expectations that the administration would offer a new and more evenhanded approach to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. When Powell was interviewed on al-Jazeera television in September he mentioned that the conflict had created "a sense of hopelessness" among Palestinians and acknowledged that "terrorism is fueled by these grievances." But his speech at the University of Louisville two months later offered only a warmed-over version of past administration statements.

Although Powell again called on Israel to freeze settlement construction, ease the blockade of Palestinian towns and cities, and end its raids into Palestinian territory, he gave no hint of punitive action if Israel did not comply. He gratified Palestinians by referring to "Palestine," and he identified Israel's occupation as a legitimate source of grievance. But he again left it up to Israel to set the terms for renewing peace talks. Powell had been expected to ask Sharon to give up his unrealistic demand that Palestinians stop all violence for seven days before peace talks could resume, but he never mentioned the subject. Nor did Powell repeat the recommendation of the committee headed by former Sen. George Mitchell (DME) that a cease-fire must be accompanied by concessions on Israel's side. Instead Powell reaffirmed U.S. unwillingness to pressure Israel, saying only that Washington would "push and prod," and "present ideas."

The secretary of state also announced the appointment of Anthony Zinni, a retired Marine general, as special U.S. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Bush Administration Declares War on Terrorism, but Ignores Its Causes
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.