The Relationship between Vocational Interests and Intelligence: Do Findings Generalize across Different Assessment Methods?

By Proyer, René T. | Psychology Science, October 1, 2006 | Go to article overview

The Relationship between Vocational Interests and Intelligence: Do Findings Generalize across Different Assessment Methods?


Proyer, René T., Psychology Science


Abstract

The aim of this study was to further explore the relationship between vocational interests and intelligence. There is some evidence in literature on the stable relationships between vocational interests and intelligence (cf. Ackerman & Heggestad, 1997). It should be noted that the majority of the previous studies have only used questionnaires for the assessment of vocational interests. Thus, it is of interest whether the results are also stable when different assessment methods are used. Therefore, a nonverbal test was used in this study together with two questionnaires. Additionally, tests for general intelligence, verbal, numeric, and spatial ability, and memory were used. A sample of N = 138 persons was tested in a computerized setting. Results indicate that there is a positive relation between Realistic and Investigative interests and spatial ability. This result was found for both the questionnaires as well as the nonverbal test. Therefore, it can be assumed that this relation is stable for different assessment methods. The data is discussed with respect to current literature.

Key words: vocational interests; assessment of vocational interests; intelligence; RIASEC

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vocational interests (cf. Savickas & Spokane, 1999) and intelligence. This is an important research topic because the results are of special interest for many fields of applied psychology. Within Holland's theory (1997) vocational interests are interpreted as an expression of personality. Accordingly, Holland suggests that interest inventories can be interpreted as personality inventories. Interest inventories are also treated in this way in career counseling (e. g., Holland, 1999; Savickas, 1995). The relationship between intelligence, personality, and interests is discussed extensively in Ackerman and Heggestad (1997), and the relationship between Holland's theory and personality is summarized in Hogan and Blake (1999). Both personality and intelligence are used as predictors for school performance (e. g., Rindermann & Neubauer, 2001), academic performance (e. g., Lounsbury, Loveland, Sundstrom, Gibson, Drost, & Hamrick, 2003), job performance (e. g., Barrick, Mount, & Judge, 2001), and career and job satisfaction (e. g., Lounsbury, Gibson, Steel, Sundstrom, & Loveland, 2004). Understanding the relation between all of the constructs may be useful for improving the predictive validity of the measures. For example Fritzsche, Mclntire, and Yost (2002) suggested that interests could be seen as moderators in the prediction of the personalityperformance relationship. In the case of vocational interests, the relationship to intelligence is of particular importance for career counseling. Helping the client to choose an appropriate vocation or education can be best achieved by combining information from different sources. In this process performance and personality variables play a significant role in helping the career counselor assist the client with his/her career decisions (cf. Carless, 1999; Gottfredson, 2003; Rayman & Atanasoff, 1999).

The theory of vocational interests by J. L. Holland (1997). Holland's theory of vocational interests (1997) is widely used in practice and in scientific work. Within this theoretical framework vocational interests are defined as an expression of personality. Holland describes Realistic (R), Investigative (I), Artistic (A), Social (S), Enterprising (E), and Conventional (C) interests (RIASEC). Each of these interest types is characterized by certain preferences for vocational activities. The following description of the types is according to Holland (1997, p. 21). A Realistic person prefers activities that entail the explicit, ordered, or systematic manipulation of objects, tools, machines, and animals (e. g., electrician or mechanic). The Investigative type is characterized best by a preference for activities that entail the observational, symbolic, systematic, and creative investigation of physical, biological, and cultural phenomena (e.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Relationship between Vocational Interests and Intelligence: Do Findings Generalize across Different Assessment Methods?
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.