Ups and Downs for Career Development in Argentina

By Zgliczynski, Susan | Career Planning and Adult Development Journal, Winter 2004 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Ups and Downs for Career Development in Argentina

Zgliczynski, Susan, Career Planning and Adult Development Journal

Argentina [Figure 1] is the southernmost country in South America. It encompasses a variety of climates and the density of the population varies across regions of the country. In 1999, the total population was 38 million living in 24 different provinces (Aisenson, et. al., 1999). Argentines are known for their pride in their country and its culture. The culture has been influenced by the history and traditions of its citizens who have cultural ties to many countries in Europe as well as Russia and the Middle East. The country is predominantly Catholic (93 per cent) and ties to family are strongly valued (CareerJournal, 2002).

Counseling, Psychology and Vocational Guidance

Those trained in psychology are seen as the providers of counseling and therapy in Argentina. From the 1960s, counseling services and psychology training was offered in national universities. At an international symposium on career development and public policy, Aisenson and her colleagues (1999) gave a detailed presentation relating the delivery of career development services in educational and health settings. She also defined vocational guidance in Argentina as, "psychological and education resources to help people through transitions and changes throughout their lives, and to develop and review training and job-related projects and strategies useful to acquire new competencies and career development" (page 74). In 1999 free guidance and career services were available to the public through schools, universities, hospitals and government agencies but Argentina did not have an integrated national counseling system.

Educational System

Schooling in Argentina is guaranteed for students 5-15 years of age under a federal education act passed in 1993. However, Argentina sees education of its youth as also the responsibility of parents, government at all levels, the Catholic Church and other religious and social organizations. School is available at four levels. An initial level is for 3-5 year olds, with the last year compulsory and similar to our kindergarten. The next level is organized into three, three-year cycles and completes the rest of the mandated education. There is an option for young people up to age 17 to continue in a program oriented toward employment, with options for knowledge and skills development in many production and technical and consumer areas. Higher education occurs in non-university schools prepare teachers for the levels just described. University programs that offer a wide variety of majors and tuition at public universities is free. According to Aisenson (1999), there are 35 public and 40 private universities and other institutes. Graduate degrees and adult education courses are similar to programs in the United States.

Guidance Services, Training and Preparation for Work

Some guidance and training services are offered at all levels of education and the structure of services is similar in some ways to what we find in other Latin American countries like Mexico and Chile. At the school level serving children 6-17, the government mandates vocational, academic and occupational counseling but when a counselor is hired they often have training in psychology or educational psychology with little direct training in vocational guidance or career development. Often teachers or professors provide tutoring on skills needed to get jobs and provide knowledge of the types of jobs available, often with some minimal training offered in course beyond the teacher-training program. Aisenson, et al. (1999) report that the public universities have the most organized vocational guidance services and help young students choose careers, select postgraduate training and identify job possibilities. There are some vocational guidance programs in mental health centers. Counselors in private practice offer counseling to individuals but this fee-based service is accessed by limited clientele in upper income brackets.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Ups and Downs for Career Development in Argentina


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?