Youth Violence Trajectories and Proximal Characteristics of Intimate Partner Violence

By Herrenkohl, Todd I.; Kosterman, Rick et al. | Violence and Victims, May 1, 2007 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

Youth Violence Trajectories and Proximal Characteristics of Intimate Partner Violence


Herrenkohl, Todd I., Kosterman, Rick, Mason, W. Alex, Hawkins, J. David, Violence and Victims


Analyses first examined the developmental course of intimate partner violence (IPV), beginning with trajectories of youth violence. We then examined potential mediators of prior youth violence trajectories in models predicting later IPV perpetration as an outcome. Potential mediators include risks associated with the individual (e.g., current alcohol and drug use and mental health diagnosis), characteristics of a perpetrator's partner (e.g., use of alcohol/drugs and history of antisocial behavior), and aspects of the surrounding community (e.g., neighborhood norms favorable to violence and drug use). Data are from the Seattle Social Development Project, a longitudinal study of over 800 individuals followed from elementary school to young adulthood (age 24). Findings suggest that both chronic and late-increaser patterns of youth violence elevated the likelihood of later IPV perpetration. Partial mediation effects of the relation between youth violence and IPV were found for variables related to one's partner and the surrounding community. Individual characteristics of the perpetrator were not uniquely predictive of IPV when measured as a risk index and modeled along with other risk factors. Findings indicate that the risk of IPV could be lessened by addressing earlier forms of violence and by intervening to reduce risks within and across domains of influence.

Keywords: intimate partner violence; youth violence; predictors; trajectories

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious national problem that affects a large percentage of families across demographic groups (Andrews, Foster, Capaldi, & Hops, 2000; Ehrensaft et al., 2003; Magdol, Moffitt, Caspi, & Silva, 1998; Straus, 1990; Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000). Estimates of the number of adult perpetrators of IPV have, in some cases, approached 50% (Andrews et al., 2000). Others find a prevalence closer to 20% in community samples (Ehrensaft et al., 2003). Findings from the National Family Violence Surveys (Straus, 1990), first conducted in 1975, found that 160 of every 1,000 families experienced partner violence; that number was nearly unchanged when data were last collected in 1985. In the National Violence Against Women Survey, Tjaden and Thoennes (2000) estimated that nearly 2 million women are physically assaulted annually in the United States; the majority of these are victims of IPV.

Victims of domestic violence can experience a range of adverse mental health consequences, including depression and anxiety; a sizable number of victims also sustain physical injuries that require medical attention (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2002). Given the extensive public health burden of IPV and the costs to individual victims, viable prevention models should be a priority (National Institute of Justice, 2004).

A first step toward preventing IPV perpetration is to identify modifiable risk and protective factors (predictors) that can serve as targets for intervention (Institute of Medicine, 1994; National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2002). Some prior research has documented predictors of IPV, but few studies have done so prospectively. Moreover, little is known about whether IPV perpetration emerges from earlier forms of violence (e.g., violence in adolescence), in which case prevention efforts could begin before IPV perpetration becomes a problem.

In this article, we first seek to examine the developmental course of early adult IPV (age 24), beginning with trajectories of youth violence from ages 13 to 18. We then turn to analyzing proximal characteristics of IPV modeled as potential mediators of these earlier violence trajectories to understand whether a progression from earlier violence (to IPV) is mediated by factors associated with an individual perpetrator, his or her partner, or the surrounding community. As background to the study, we provide additional information on the developmental course of violence as documented in prior research.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

Youth Violence Trajectories and Proximal Characteristics of Intimate Partner Violence
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?