The LEAD Model

By Fleming, Juanita W. | ABNF Journal, Summer 2007 | Go to article overview
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The LEAD Model


Fleming, Juanita W., ABNF Journal


Abstract: The author discusses the purposes of the Leadership Enhancement and Development Model (Project LEAD), which are to guide approaches that will enhance and develop a cadre of minority nurses' leadership skills. The model was designed to cover those facets of leadership as expressed by minority nurse leaders in addition to those components as expressed by the project director. The LEAD Model has five elements: Knowledge of self, integrity, vision, communication and commitment to excellence.

Key Words: African American Nurse Leaders, Black Nursing Leaders, Project LEAD

The Leadership, Enhancement and Development Project (Project LEAD) model is designed to guide approaches that will enhance and develop a cadre of minority nurses' leadership skills. This model is also designed to provide a conceptual paradigm for projects designed to explore and examine the efficacy of providing skills training to groups of minority and/or majority nurses who want to facilitate diversity in research, education and nursing services settings. The model was designed to cover those facets of leadership based on what minority nurses who are in leadership positions need. A pilot project evaluation was the basis of determining the facets of the model. Other components included were based on the Project Director's judgment as to what would be feasible to implement.

The model has five distinct elements (see Figure 1). They are knowledge of self, integrity, vision, communication and commitment to excellence. The model is viewed by its developers from the perspective of its importance and relevance of diversity in our culture, leadership and nursing. The developers reviewed the work of Bowen and Bok (1998) who noted that by the year 2030 approximately 40% of all Americans are projected to be members of minority groups.

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