John Jewel and the English National Church: The Dilemmas of an Erastian Reformer
Hill, Bracy V., II, Journal of Church and State
John Jewel and the English National Church: The Dilemmas of an Erastian Reformer. St. Andrews Studies in Reformation History. By Gary W. Jenkins. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2006. viii + 293pp. $99.95
In this revisionist work, Gary W. Jenkins rejects past images of John Jewel as a forward-thinking theologian as previously held by some Protestant historians. Instead, Jenkins recasts Jewel (Bishop of Salisbury) as a protean church leader who demonstrated little genius in his scholarly work, showing "more fervor than imagination" (p. 2), and who arose as a leading apologist for Elizabeth and the English church of the Elizabethan Settlement.
Jenkins ties Jewel's ambivalent heritage to the dissonance between Jewel's public defense of the Elizabethan Settlement and his private desire for significant theological reform. The study attempts to demonstrate the crises of conscience suffered by Jewel as he faced political and religious forces (both domestic and foreign) which threatened to destroy any chance for a united, reformed church and a Crown that promised peace but only a moderately reformed church. Jewel, determined to bring unity to religion in England, was restricted from engaging in substantial theological dialogue by the perceived necessity of defending the Elizabethan church.
In the first chapter, Jenkins describes the education of Jewel at Oxford, his scholarly and theological formation under John Parkhurst and Peter Martyr Vermigli, his life as a Marian exile, and his growing identification with the reform in Zurich rather than that of Geneva. The second chapter describes Jewel's public defense of the Elizabethan church after his appointment to Salisbury in 1559. In this chapter, Jenkins reflects on Jewel's increasing frustration with measured church reforms and his internal conflict between the primacy of sola scriptura and regal power. Jenkins illustrates Jewel's dilemma by comparing Jewel's corpus of published writings (including Epistola (1561), Apologia (1564), and several notable sermons) to his letters to the Swiss reformers in the Zurich Letters.
In the third chapter, Jenkins's argument is bolstered through the review of Catholic responses to TeweFs polemics. Jenkins …
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Publication information: Article title: John Jewel and the English National Church: The Dilemmas of an Erastian Reformer. Contributors: Hill, Bracy V., II - Author. Journal title: Journal of Church and State. Volume: 50. Issue: 1 Publication date: Winter 2008. Page number: 169+. © 1999 J.M. Dawson Studies in Church and State. Provided by ProQuest LLC. All Rights Reserved.