Pioneers of the Vocational Guidance Movement: A Centennial Celebration
Savickas, Mark L., Career Development Quarterly
Beginning late in the 19th century, social reformers began to call for vocational guidance to meet the needs of newcomers to rapidly growing cities. These reformers hoped that teachers and social workers would construct and use scientific methods of guidance to replace 19th-century charity work with a 20th-century professional service. As a consequence, personal forms of mentoring and "friendly visiting" (Richmond, 1899, p. 5) gave way to the scientific philanthropy of a bureaucratic society. Lysander Richards (1881) wrote Vocophy: The New Profession about the need for a new profession of vocational assistance. George Merrill began vocational guidance in Cogswell High School in San …
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Publication information: Article title: Pioneers of the Vocational Guidance Movement: A Centennial Celebration. Contributors: Savickas, Mark L. - Author. Journal title: Career Development Quarterly. Volume: 57. Issue: 3 Publication date: March 2009. Page number: 194+. © 2009 National Career Development Association. Provided by ProQuest LLC. All Rights Reserved.
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