Anti-Terrorism Legislation America's Response to 9-11

By Scuro, Joseph E., Jr. | Law & Order, July 2002 | Go to article overview

Anti-Terrorism Legislation America's Response to 9-11


Scuro, Joseph E., Jr., Law & Order


JUSTICE

Immediately after the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, both houses of Congress made proposals to provide legitimate legal authority to detect, deter and prevent future acts of terror on American soil or against Americans traveling anywhere else in the world.

The Senate approved a measure that would permit the issuance of judicial orders to intercept wire and oral communications of suspected terrorists. The amendment, S.A. 1562, would also expand authority to install pen registers and trap-and-trace devices.

The federal provisions on pen registers and trap-and-trace devices under 18 U.S.C. 3121 would be expanded in several ways to include not only the numbers of telephones from which calls are made or received, but to permit the sweep of computers as well. This proposal would amend the definition of a pen register as "a device which records or decodes dialing, routing, addressing, or signaling information transmitted by an instrument or facility from which a wire or electronic communication is transmitted."

This proposal would also permit federal law enforcement agents and U.S. attorneys to install pen registers and trap-and-trace devices on an emergency basis without a court order, although a court order would have to be obtained within 48 hours of the device's installation.

These proposals would also add several new requirements as the legal catalyst for these emergency provisions. The employment of warrantless anti-terrorism techniques could occur where a federal agent reasonably found "the existence of the immediate threat to national security interests," "immediate threat to public health or safety," or an "attack on the integrity of a protected computer," which would be an offense punishable under 18 U.S.C. 1030(c)(2)(C).

Proposed legislation also includes amendments to 18 U.S.C. 233913, which criminalizes the supply or support of terrorist groups and has a clear connection for that purpose to criminal money laundering enforcement jurisdiction under 18 U.S.C. 1956.

The highlights of this new legislation, entitled "United and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) Act of 2001," are essentially as follows. The act permits the sharing of grand jury information between law enforcement agencies, intelligence groups, etc., without a court order and amends Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 6(e) in that regard.

In addition, the act amends 18 U.S.C. 2517 to now allow the sharing of the contents of wire, oral or electronic communications obtained consistent with the act and federal law.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Anti-Terrorism Legislation America's Response to 9-11
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.