Factors Sustaining Human Trafficking in the Contemporary Society: Psychological Implications

By Basil, Nwoke Mary | Ife Psychologia, March 2009 | Go to article overview

Factors Sustaining Human Trafficking in the Contemporary Society: Psychological Implications


Basil, Nwoke Mary, Ife Psychologia


Abstract

Factors sustaining human trafficking in the contemporary society were investigated. One hundred and forty participants were used in generating the items that formed the questionnaire. While four hundred participants were used for the main study, seven leading factors were endorsed by majority of the participants as sustaining human trafficking. Psychological implications, aftermath of human trafficking were highlighted and suggestions for salvaging the deplorable situation of human trafficking were made.

Introduction:

Dehumanization of people and lives has taken different forms or patterns. Human trafficking is an illegal business transaction of human beings. Human trafficking is the rejuvenation of slave trade. The exercise is slavery because the traffickers use force, violence, threats and other forms of coercion to force the victims to work in any type of engagement against their will. The traffickers control the freedom and movements of the victims and under duress, force them to life of servitude; prostitution and beggary.

European Union Council Directive (2002), on anti-slavery observes that human trafficking involves men, women, youth, children and the old. Human trafficking is the act of illegally carrying or transferring people across the borders. It is a process whereby human beings are illegally carried out of their homes, tribes, races and countries to unknown places, where they cannot trace their way back. Human trafficking is becoming a cankerworm that is eating into the fabrics of the human rights, which negatively influences normal physical, social, mental and moral growth and development of human beings. It is this perplexing thought provoking social ill that is negating the freedom of human rights and life and indirectly impinging on the normal growth and development as well as national, that this study is involved in.

The Personality of those Trafficked

European Union council directives (2002) state that men, women, youth, children and the old are victims of this criminal game. But the lucky escapees attest that women and children seem to be the more target group because of their marginalization and limited economic resources. Others are people from minority ethnic groups, war affected areas and countries, refugees and illegal migrants. Also people with little or no education. Young girls who are school drop outs and who go after flashy issues. People who do not know their legal rights as human beings, humans in their varying developmental stages, infants, teenagers, early adults, middle adults and late adults in their sixties and above.

Reasons for Human Trafficking:

The lucky escaped victims indicated that human trafficking is carried for a variety of reasons. Prostitution is not the only reason people are trafficked. Human beings are moved to different places and environments according to needs and demands. For instance, West African children are recruited into a range of exploitative work and they are moved about illegally throughout the region. Children are trafficking from Nigeria to Spain as baby/ sitters. Young girls are trafficked from Nigeria into Italy for forced professional prostitution. The escapees lamented that if the victims had opted for prostitution business, of which at the end of the deed they collect whatever wage accrue from it, they would not regret it. But the most humiliating aspect of this business is that at the end of the deed or the day the treatment given to them does not worth the sacrifices. Other reasons for human trafficking include:

Some of the women (girls) are forced into entertainment industry, to perform any kind of show. Some are deployed in the sweatshops, illegal adoption of children for some. Some of them are used for organ transplanting and forced marriages. Some are used for mail-order brides and other services. The men are mainly engaged in tug of war jobs and in the farms. Some victims are forced to labour in construction and drug trafficking. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Factors Sustaining Human Trafficking in the Contemporary Society: Psychological Implications
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.