What the Research Shows

By Felzien, Melody | Volta Voices, March/April 2010 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

What the Research Shows

Felzien, Melody, Volta Voices

Spoken Language Development and Decision Aids

For over 110 years, researchers have explored questions about spoken language communication, publishing their findings in The Volta Review, a scholarly journal founded by Alexander Graham Bell to provide professionals with information about the ways in which hearing technology, health care, early intervention and education contribute to listening and spoken language development. Because best practices now focus on family-centered intervention, parents increasingly need access to research in order to make informed decisions about the health care and education options available to their children. With busy professionals and parents in mind, AG Bell is continuing an ongoing article series that highlights and summarizes research published in the most recent issues of The Volta Review.

Examining Spoken Language Development

The rate of spoken language development of children with hearing loss is an important area of study. This type of research has implications for parents in the process of making decisions about their child's hearing loss and language development, and for early intervention approaches. In three manuscripts published in 2009, various aspects of spoken language acquisition were studied and analyzed. This body of work contributes to a wide range of research supporting successful strategies for spoken language development.

In "The Acquisition of the Prosodie Word by Children with Hearing Loss," authors Limor Adi-Bensaid, Ph.D., and Tova Most, Ph.D., explore the development of complex word structures by children who have a cochlear implant and who are acquiring spoken Hebrew. Data collection started two to four months after the children received their implant, when the first words were produced, and continued until each child had completed acquisition of the prosodic, or complex, word.

The results were analyzed through comparison with the stages of complex word development of children with typical hearing. These steps include the initial stage of monosyllabic word production, the pre-minimal word stage of preserving the final and stressed syllable, the minimal word stage of producing polysyllabic words with a different stress pattern, the pre-final stage of producing three syllables of a word, and the final stage of producing four syllables of a word.

Results show that the earlier a child was identified and fitted with hearing aids, the quicker the overall rate of word development. In addition, the early introduction of a cochlear implant also increased the rate of progress. Researchers found that the age of hearing aid fitting and the age of implantation had a reciprocal effect, decreasing the amount of time it took the child to acquire the prosodie word. The authors further break down their analysis to the stages of word development. The authors conclude that early identification and intervention with hearing aids coupled with early cochlear implantation play a crucial role in the rate of language development.

Another article, the "Longitudinal Study of Speech Perception, Speech, and Language for Children with Hearing Loss in an Auditory-Verbal Therapy Program" by Dimity Dornan, Ba.Sp.Th., F.S.P.A.A., LSLS Cert. AVT, and colleagues, examines the progress of speech and language development of 25 children with hearing loss in an auditory-verbal therapy program. These children were tested initially, and then 21 months later, on a battery of language assessments. The speech and language results over time were compared with those for a control group of children with typical hearing, matched for initial language age, receptive vocabulary, gender and socioeconomic level.

Results show that speech perception scores for the children with hearing loss displayed significant improvement for live-voice presentations, but not for recorded voice. Both groups showed significant improvement over 21 months in scores for auditory comprehension, oral expression, total language and articulation of consonants.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

What the Research Shows


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?