The Islamic Perspective of Values in the Positivist Educational Philosophies

By Khzali, Qasim Mohammad Mahmmud | International Forum of Teaching and Studies, January 1, 2010 | Go to article overview

The Islamic Perspective of Values in the Positivist Educational Philosophies


Khzali, Qasim Mohammad Mahmmud, International Forum of Teaching and Studies


[Abstract] The purpose of this study was to infer the educational values in positivist educational philosophies from one side, and the Islamic perspective related on the other. The researcher followed the integrative approach and applied the technique of the descriptive approach. The study addressed the values contained in the positivist educational philosophies via the logical sequence of ideas. Also, the study used an extrapolate approach to infer the educational values in the Holy Qur'an and Holy Sunna using content analysis. Results of the study indicated that there is a significant variation among the positivist educational philosophies because such educational philosophies depend mainly on human sources or must be perceived by the human brain in advance via experimentation and verification to be considered valid. As for its consistency with the Islamic perspective, one can see that such consistency is only in form, mainly in the labels used, while the main contradiction is found in the sources and objectives of the values. Islam links values with Shari'a (Islamic legislation) as the main source for improvement, and this is not left to humans to think about and verify by their minds. There is a necessary need to differentiate between values in the Islamic perspective and dominant values in the western communities with respect to their sources and objectives, even if we admire them.

[Keywords] Islamic perspective; positivism; values in education; educational philosophy; cross-cultural analysis of values; a priori knowledge; comparison of origins of knowledge

Introduction

Axiology is one of the oldest fields of study. It is tracked back to the ancient Greek philosophy, especially with the great Greek philosophers such as Socrates and Plato. This field of study was present in the Medieval Ages, both in the Islamic and Christian arena. Recently, Kant addressed the relation between values and cognition. In the 19th century, various fields of study investigated values from different perspectives. In the 20th century, Poll Lappy was one of the early scholars to use the term Axiology, and the same term was used by Hartman in 1906 (Mohammed, 1999).

Aesthetics investigate the terms necessary to achieve aesthete. Thus, normative sciences presume the presence of suitable value for each, but they do not investigate in the nature of value, rather consider the conditions leading to the accomplishment of them. As for the mere study of value and the investigation in the meaning of its existence, this field of study is a recent topic, and it has drawn the attention of many scholars in the recent years (Bakra, 1992, Matter, 1976).

Values have a strong and direct link with human behaviors. Values guide and drive human behaviors in all aspects of life .Values fuel the different human activities and the different social, economical and political arrangements. As such, values can be said to be the link between an individual and his world. They shape the manner the individual perceives himself and the other members in the community in which he lives, the way he sees his behavior and his status in his community (Afifi, 1974).

Values are, therefore, vital both for the community and the individuals living in it. In his daily contact with other members of the community, an individual needs value to deal with different life events. Norms and values one adopts are the main driver of actions and behaviors. As for the community, values are the main source in the organization of its ideals and objectives so that a contraction is not established between the different ideals and objectives and the value system adopted in the community. If this was the case, a contradiction between the value system and objectives, ideals in the community, a value and social struggle will be the ultimate consequence, leading eventually to the collapse of the whole community (Hendi, 1990). The competitive advantage for any nation does not lie in its material potentials, the competitive advantage lies in the ethics and value this nation has (Al Smadi, 1997). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Islamic Perspective of Values in the Positivist Educational Philosophies
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.