Prevalence of Suicide Ideation, Attempts and the Associated Factors among a Sample of Iranian Population in South Part of the Country: A Population Based Study

By Ziaaddini, Hassan; Navadeh, Soodabeh et al. | Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, Summer 2009 | Go to article overview

Prevalence of Suicide Ideation, Attempts and the Associated Factors among a Sample of Iranian Population in South Part of the Country: A Population Based Study


Ziaaddini, Hassan, Navadeh, Soodabeh, Saeedi, Ali, Iranian Journal of Psychiatry


Objective: Suicide represented 1.8% of the total global burden of disease in 1998 and it will increase to 2.4% in 2020. We performed a cross sectional study to assess the prevalence of suicide ideation, attempt and its associated factors.

Method: We designed a cross sectional study in Mahan and Bardsir cities, Kerman province, Iran. Based on the multistage cluster sampling, 860 subjects aged 15 and older were selected as the non-attempter group and 58 hospital cases admitted due to suicide attempts were selected as the attempter group. General Health Questionnaire, Suicide Ideation Scale and demographic form were filled for each participant.

Results: This study showed that the prevalence of suicide ideation was 10% in total: 48.3% in the suicide attempters and 7.33% in the non-attempters. Being female, young, single, more educated and less religious, living in urban areas, opium use and having somatic complaints and other psychiatric problems were associated with suicide attempts.

Conclusion: Suicide ideation and attempt aren't uncommon in Iran and should be recognized as important problems existing in these two cities of Kerman province.

Key words: Attempted Suicide, Iran, Prevalence, Suicide

Iran J Psychiatry 2009; 4:92-96

Suicide is now among the three leading causes of death among those aged 15-44 years (both sexes) worldwide. Suicide represented 1.8% of the total global burden of disease in 1998 and it will increase to 2.4% in countries with market and former socialist economies in 2020 (1).

Iran's suicide rates like other Asian countries are moderate. Bertolote et al showed that the prevalence of life time suicide ideation was 14%)2( ;and the review of the Nock et al showed that the prevalence of the life time suicide attempts are between 1.2 and 1.4% in Iran)3). These rates, suicide ideation and suicide attempts, were 12.7% and 3.3% respectively in a study conducted by Malakouti et al. (4).

Mental disorders particularly depression and substance abuse are associated with more than 90% of all the suicide cases (1). In Iran, 10.8% of the subjects aged 18 years and older suffer from at least one psychiatric disorder, and major depressive disorder is the top common disorder among this population(5.(

Kerman is a south eastern province in Iran and one of the main opium trade routes of Afghanistan. In addition to neighboring Afghanistan, some cultural beliefs in Kerman lead to the high prevalence of opium addiction (6).

Bardsir and Mahan are two small cities in this province with estimated population of 89365 and 17166 respectively with similar geographical and sociocultural situation .

As no precise data are present on suicide in Kerman, this study was aimed to assess the prevalence of suicide ideation, attempt and its related factors in order to find out the epidemiology and the most common determinants of this public health problem in two ordinary cities in the central part of Iran.

Materials and Methods

Sample

This cross sectional study was conducted in Bardsir and Mahan during Jul to Aug 2005. Based on the assumptions in calculating the sample size = 5%, β = 10%, the prevalence of the psychiatric disorders (= 21% [(7])) ),and the considering minimum OR between psychiatric disorders disordersand , suicide ideation and also the design effect of 840 subjects were calculated. The selected sample size was divided into 4 categories based on the rural and urban population in each of the Mahan and Bardsir cities (Mahan and Bard sir). Based on the multi-stage clustered sampling method, The the sample of 859 subjects out of a total number of 106531 individuals with the aged age range of 15 and older based on the multi-stage clustered sampling method were selected. Based on the urban and rural population of Mahan and Bardsir Bardsirin The , 43 clusters were randomly selected from the list of households of health centers.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Prevalence of Suicide Ideation, Attempts and the Associated Factors among a Sample of Iranian Population in South Part of the Country: A Population Based Study
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.