The Factors Associated with Suicide Ideation in Iranian Soldiers

By Anisi, Jafar; Majdian, Mohammad et al. | Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, Summer 2010 | Go to article overview

The Factors Associated with Suicide Ideation in Iranian Soldiers


Anisi, Jafar, Majdian, Mohammad, Mirzamani, S. Mahmood, Iranian Journal of Psychiatry


Objective: The study focuses on psychosocial variables related to suicide ideation in young soldiers .

Method: 1329 Soldiers were randomly selected from the Infantry Forces in different regions. All the soldiers were requested to complete the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSSI) as well as General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Data were analyzed using correlation tests.

Results: The results revealed that psychological factors, negative family background, environmental and task-related problems, and sociodemographic problems were significantly associated with suicide ideation.

Discussion: Overall, suicide ideation could be prevented if soldiers with psychosocial problems were identified and the Army officials applied appropriate methods to solve these psychological problems.

Key words: Military personnel, Suicide, Risk factors

Iran J Psychiatry 2010; 5: 97-101

Suicide is recognized as a profound public health worldwide. It appears that suicide is among the 10 leading causes of death in all ages in most countries. Many national reports and researches have confirmed that suicide prevention programs are considered a vital attempt for public health. However, to achieve this goal, it is strongly endorsed that a neurobiological and psychosocial program may be more effective for a pervasive understanding of those with high risk of suicide (1,2). Suicide represented 1.8% of the global burden of disease in 1998, and it is expected to increase to 2.4% by the year 2020. Research showed that the prevalence of suicide, especially for young adults, increased during the recent years in Iran (3,4). According to the National Center for Health Statistics, 29,199 U.S suicide deaths occurred in 1999. The rate of suicide deaths was 10.7 per 100,000. The suicide is the 8th leading cause of death for males, who outnumber female suicide deaths by 4 to 1 (5). Research showed that the prevalence rate of suicide was between 2% to 18% (6,7). Firearm suicide rate among men is approximately six times more than that of women (8).

Suicide behavior includes suicide ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicides. Suicide refers to any death through a direct or indirect result of a positive or negative act accomplished by the victim himself/herself which the victim knows or expects the result. Suicide ideation comprises a cognition process which varies from fleeting thoughts that life is worthless to an intense delusional preoccupation with self-destruction (9- 11).

It seems that several factors may be associated with increasing suicide ideation , and they are as follows: mental disorders, personality disorders, unemployment, drug abuse, family problems, and being unmarried (12, 13). Regarding military services, some other factors such as hard situations, fear of punishment, aggressive behavior (14), previous suicide attempt (15), smoking, and alcoholism (16), low rank (17), tension between officers, and being away from family (18) were related to suicide attempts.

Reports from American Army forces reveal that soldiers committed suicides at elevated rates during 2003. Reports showed that soldiers deployed to Iraq and Kuwait had suffered from suicidal attempts. During the first three months of 2004, suicide rates significantly increased among these soldiers. Based on official reports, five American soldiers killed themselves in early July 2003. The rate of committing suicide was 17.3 per 100,000 in 2003, while the overall Army's rate during the same period was 12.2 for 2003 and 11.9 for 1995 to 2002. Comparing the suicide rate in the Army with the national average, it has been shown that this figures remain lower than the national average of 21.5 per 100,000 for males aged 20 to 34 (19). Research showed that suicide attempt is (9/100000) (0.009%) among the general population, and 12/100000 or (0.012%) among the soldiers. Assessing 150395 Austrian soldiers (born between 1973-1975 years) during two years, it was found that 155 of them attempted suicide during their compulsory period of their military service (20). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Factors Associated with Suicide Ideation in Iranian Soldiers
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.