Welcome to the Enterprise
Sorenson, Jeffrey A., Army
Enterprise: a purposeful or industrious undertaking - especially one of some scope, complication and risk - that requires effort or boldness, and systematic activity; a willingness and readiness to undertake new ventures; initiative.
Commonality of purpose, bold thinking and action, ingenuity - as the Army endeavors to create the network that can support the 21st-century force, this is exactly what we need. We can't go about it in a haphazard or disjointed way however. To harness, drive and direct the inventiveness and energy necessary to build the 21st-century network, a new approach that sets a fundamental architectural framework is required. That is where the other meaning of enterprise comes into play.
The mission of LandWarNet, the Army's network and portion of the Defense Department Global Information Grid, is to improve leaders' and soldiers' situational awareness and understanding, thereby enabling them to train, plan, collaborate and operate coherently, to act decisively at all points along the spectrum of conflict, and to access joint, combined and interagency assets. The only way to achieve this objective is to set and apply a formal enterprise architecture, around which command, control, communications, computers/information technology (C4/IT) solutions for operational needs are constructed.
The Army is building a C4/IT architecture that is intentionally broad, designed to elicit creativity yet produce unity of effort. The architecture sketches the baseline: that the network be a single, secure, standards-based, versatile infrastructure linked by networked, redundant transport systems, sensors, warfighting and business applications, and data that provide soldiers, civilians and mission partners the information thev need, when they need it, in any environment, to manage the Army and to conduct full spectrum operations. It calls for synchronization with industry, use of the Everything Over Internet Protocol, uniform technical standards, and common identity management and security services. Only demarcation according to classification will remain.
It is upon this baseline, which will be completed in the beginning of fiscal year (FY) 2011, that the Army and industry will build the network of the 21st century.
Filling in the Framework
With the foundation and frame of a common network enterprise architecture,, the Army can establish other points of cohesion that previously were absent, such as commonality in the operating environment.
I have crafted a formal common operating environment (COE) strategy, which identifies three conditions necessary to develop and rapidly deliver software applications to soldiers: standardized end-user environments and software-development tool kits; streamlined enterprise software processes; and creation of an Army software marketplace. The Army intends to apply a common operating environment to each of five categories of computing platforms: enterprise servers, tactical servers, vehicles, desktop users and small form factor (sensors and PDAs).
These COEs will help the Army align itself with industry best practices and will deliver incremental secure C4/IT capabilities to the warfighter more quickly, more efficiently and at less cost. The Army will be able to pursue smaller programs, separating data from applications, as well as the use of common modules to accelerate software development
The network enterprise architecture also will enable the Army to address a deficiency in one of its most fundamental daily business and operating processes: e-mail. Ultimately, all Armv personnel, imi formed and civilian, work for the same "corporation"; to date, however, e-mail has been managed by individual installations and functional organizations - a method that is inefficient, costly, operationally difficult and sometimes even confusing. (A soldier could have a different e-mail address at each stage of the Army force generation cycle.) After considering several options, the Army decided this past summer to adopt a Defense Information Systems Agency plan to provide Exchange 2010-managed e-mail service to 1.4 million Nonclassified Internet Protocol Router Network (NlPRNet) users and 200,000 Secret Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNet) users. The base service will exceed current standards, allowing the Army to skip a generation of Microsoft e-mail capabilities, to reduce substantially hardware and storage expenses, and to eliminate e-mail and spam-filtering redundancies. All nontactical e-mail servers eventually will be retired. The Army expects this effort will significantly improve operational effectiveness while generating efficiencies and cost savings in excess of $150 million.
Redesign of the Army's Active Directories (AD) also is now possible. The Army intends to standardize and collapse its 22 current AD forests into two - one for users and the other for applications - by 2012. The Army is utilizing the Defense Department network architecture baseline for the application AD forest, bringing jointness to this portion of the network. In addition, CIO/G-6 intends to reduce the number of Army data centers by 75 percent, from more than 250 to 65. This will improve the operational effectiveness, security and efficiency of information storage, application hosting and infrastructure, as well as reduce energy consumption.
Defending the Network
U.S. land component forces depend heavily upon the network. Intelligence, fires, maneuver, command and control, situational awareness, collaboration, logistics, air traffic control, medical evacuation - all now reside primarily in cyberspace. While the Armv's use of commercial off-theshelf equipment and industry standards increases the number and types of capabilities available to those on the battlefield, it also increases risk.
The Army believes that mitigating this risk and protecting the network require unity of command and effort. The first element in accomplishing this critical task is Army Forces Cyber Command (ARFORCYBER), the new Army service component command that combines 9th Signal Command (Army)/U.S. Army Network Enterprise Technology Command and its subordinate units with U.S. Armv Intelligence and Security Command under a three-star command and staff. ARFORCYBER will be responsible for ensuring that Army information is visible, accessible, trusted and secure for all soldiers no matter where they are. It also will provide the unified network operations structure necessary to operate and to defend LandWarNet, execute teclinical authority over the network, and supply the soldiers and civilians capable of attacking and exploiting threat networks.
The second element is a communal Signal effort, at all levels and segments of the network, to ensure consistent global enforcement of standards and policies, the definition of which will remain the purview of the CIO/G-6. All users must be properly trained, and all commanders must make informed decisions that take into account the potential second- and third-order effects of assuming risk on their portions of the network.
To help us understand from a content standpoint what kind of information is being passed and the traffic demand on the network, CIO/G-6 is collaborating with multiple governmental agencies and 9th Signal Command (Army)/ U.S. Army Network Enterprise Technology Command to deplov a cyber dashboard in the first quarter of FY 2011. The Army is reducing and standardizing its NetOps tools, as well. At the end of FY 2010, the Host-Based Security System had been deployed to 82 percent of the NIPRNet and 40 percent of the SIPRNet, and the Secure Configuration Compliance Validation Initiative had been completed.
Dollars and Sense
None of these efforts will be possible without coherent and transparent investment. As always, CIO/G-6 will continue to align tightly its financial planning with the Army enterprise C4/IT strategy, using the enterprise architecture as the guide. As an added layer of fiscal protection, at the end of FY 2010 the Army established an IT general officer steering committee, which will oversee the Army's C4/IT investment strategy, focusing on the program objective memorandum and providing advice to the program execution groups. The recently unveiled Defense Department Unified Capabilities Approved Products List likely will help the Army to streamline investment further and enhance jointness down to the product level.
Having an enterprise architecture also should enhance - not stifle - inventiveness and participation across the IT and Signal communities. The Army has put up the frame; now we hope industry and members of the military will construct the walls and put on the paint. The software marketplace will provide an open development environment that encourages innovation from the commercial sector and Army personnel. Combined with standardized software-development tool kits and common modules, it should streamline application development and accelerate delivery. And, as the "Apps for the Army" competition held last spring demonstrated, there is a wealth of innovation waiting to be tapped. Contestants from all three Army components, military and civilian, from private first class to major, submitted 53 applications - all of which had utility. This type of ingenuity is just what the Army needs, and the enterprise approach is the key to fostering it.
On the Horizon
The Army will reach several important enterprise milestones over the coming year. The most important is the next step in provine the Global Network Enterprise Construct and LandWarNet in a live operational environment. Operational Validation 2, which was conducted in spring 2010, showed that the Army was on the right track. In 2011, Operation Guardian Enable will test a brigade combat team's ability to train and to prepare for its real deployment to Afghanistan using LandWarNet capabilities to mirror exactly its expected theater activities, conditions and systems while still in the continental United States. The objective is a seamless transition from home station to the area of operations using the Afghanistan Mission Network. The Army expects that by 2012 all units will utilize these new LandWarNet capabilities to get ready for deployment.
Another piece of the enterprise architecture will fall into place with the consolidation of the first group of Armv data centers in 2011 and the award of an area processing center contract. This effort will host data and applications in a way that significantly reduces cost and energy.
Development and fielding of the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) will continue, as well. WlN-T is the Army's fully mobile, integrated, tactical communications network system, designed to provide reliable, secure and seamless video, data, image and voice services, at the halt and on the move, to enable decisive combat actions. It also will give deployed forces direct access to Global Information Grid services and capabilities (data and applications). WIN-T Increment 2 achieved Milestone C and awarded a low-rate initial production contract in 2010. The initial operational test and evaluation is scheduled for no later than the first quarter of FY 2012.
Even with an enterprise architecture, the network, of course, is not static. The Army, therefore, will regularly conduct a holistic review of current network requirements - across the enterprise - to determine which remain valid, which require modification and what new requirements are emerging. Similarly, the Army will routinely examine and monitor enforcement of information assurance policv, certification and accreditation standards, technology acquisition management, policies and procedures, and the layered defenses of the network.
Undoubtedly, warfighter capability or policy gaps will arise, and the Army will have to address some immediately - it is our responsibility to give soldiers and civilians the exact information they need, when they need it, in any environment. The need for expethency will not trump architectural standards, however; alignment and integration with the end-state architecture are nonnegotiable. Only by adhering to a holistic enterprise approach will the Army be able to make the network a decisive advantage for full spectrum operations - rather than a vulnerability - from the sustaining base to the tactical edge. As the Army Secretary and Chief of Staff have said, the network is utterly essential to operational success in the 21st century.
SGT Jeoffrey A. Burdett and SPC Michael B. Hobbie. both with the 324th Signal Battalion (Expeditionary), troubleshoot a computer system during a communications exercise at Fort Gordon, Ga., in March.
LTG Jeffrey A. Sorenson speaks during a conference on LandWarNet.
CW4 Patrick Quenga, network security engineer and information assurance officer for the Joint Network Control CenterAfghanistan, remotely monitors host-based security system activity on MC4 systems operating on the Afghan enterprise network.
By LTG Jeffrey A. Sorenson
Chief Information Officer/G-6
LTG Jeffrey A. Sorenson is the Department of the Army Staff's chief information officer/G-6. Previously, he was deputy for acquisition and systems management to the assistant secretary of the Army (acquisition, logistics and technology). After his graduation from the U.S. Military Academy and his transfer into the Military Intelligence Corps, he served as the division artillery intelligence officer and completed several assignments at the division stuff and operational level. Hc has more than 20 years of acquisition experience as a certified U.S. Army material acquisition manager. Uc earned an MBA from Northwestern University.…
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Article title: Welcome to the Enterprise. Contributors: Sorenson, Jeffrey A. - Author. Magazine title: Army. Volume: 60. Issue: 10 Publication date: October 2010. Page number: 177+. © Association of the United States Army Feb 2009. Provided by ProQuest LLC. All Rights Reserved.