Iran's Economic Considerations after the War and Its Role in Renewing of Iran-Saudi Diplomatic Relations/CONSIDÉRATIONS ÉCONOMIQUES DE L'IRAN APRÈS LA GUERRE ET SON RÔLE DANS LE RENOUVELLEMENT DES RELATIONS DIPLOMATIQUES ENTRE L'IRAN ET L'ARABIE SAOUDITE

By Amiri, Reza Ekhtiari; Samsu, Ku Hasnita Binti Ku et al. | Cross - Cultural Communication, September 3, 2010 | Go to article overview

Iran's Economic Considerations after the War and Its Role in Renewing of Iran-Saudi Diplomatic Relations/CONSIDÉRATIONS ÉCONOMIQUES DE L'IRAN APRÈS LA GUERRE ET SON RÔLE DANS LE RENOUVELLEMENT DES RELATIONS DIPLOMATIQUES ENTRE L'IRAN ET L'ARABIE SAOUDITE


Amiri, Reza Ekhtiari, Samsu, Ku Hasnita Binti Ku, Fereidouni, Hassan Gholipour, Cross - Cultural Communication


Abstract:

Iran-Saudi relationship has constantly been frictional after Islamic revolution of Iran. In general, Saudi heavy support of Iraqi government during Iran-Iraq war and Iran's holding political demonstration so-called the Liberation from Infidels gave rise to frigidity of mutual relations of the two countries. Meanwhile, one of the means that Saudi Arabia, as ally of Iraq, applied to put Iran under pressure was oil and reduction of its price in order to decrease Iran's foreign exchange revenues in which it could not supply its essential armaments. The problems, finally, led to cutting off Iran-Saudi bilateral relations in 1988. However, after termination of the war and in the early years of 1990s, Iran's relations with Persian Gulf countries in particular Saudi Arabia improved gradually.

The present article hypothesizes that Iran's internal economic necessities such as reconstruction of the war-torn areas, improvement of economic situation and also public demands for better life in 1980s, mainly resulted from Iran-Iraq eight-year war, in one hand and its dependency on oil revenues to change the terrible situation on the other hand caused Iran to re-conciliate its relations with Saudi Arabia due to its influence on oil price and quota within OPEC. The study concludes that Iran's reliance on petrodollars and its endeavor to increase oil revenues as well as regaining its previous leadership in OPEC led to renewing of diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia in 1991 and also their cooperation within the organization afterward.

Key words: Iran; Saudi Arabia; Iran-Iraq war; Economic considerations; petrodollars

Resumé: Les relations entre l'Iran et l'Arabie Saoudite étaient constamment frictionelles après la révolution islamique de l'Iran. En général, le soutien de l'Arabie pour le gouvernement irakien pendant la guerre Iran-Irak et la maintenance de l'Iran d'une démonstration politique dite La libération des infidèles ont donné lieu à la frigidité des relations mutuelles des deux pays. En même temps, l'un des moyens que l'Arabie Saoudite, en tant que l'allié de l'Irak, a appliqué à l'Iran afin de le mettre sous pression était le pétrole et la réduction de son prix pouvait diminuer les revenus des échanges internationaux de l'Iran avec lesquels il ne pourrait pas fournir ses armements essentiels. Les problèmes, finalement, ont conduit à couper les relations bilatérales entre l'Iran et l'Arabie Saoudite en 1988. Toutefois, après la fin de la guerre et en début des années 1990, les relations de l'Iran avec les pays du Golfe Persique, en particulier l'Arabie Saoudite se sont progressivement améliorées.

Le présent article fait l'hypothèse que les nécessités économiques internes de l'Iran, telles que la reconstruction des zones ravagées par la guerre, l'amélioration de la situation économique et l'exigence publique pour une vie meilleure dans les années 1980, ont résulté principalement d'une part de la guerre de huit ans entre l'Iran et l'Iraq, et d'autre part de sa dépendance des revenus pétroliers pour changer la situation terrible. Cela a provoqué l'Iran de réconcilier ses relations avec l'Arabie Saoudite en raison de son influence sur le prix et les quotas de pétrole au sein de l'OPEP. L'étude conclut que la dépendance de l'Iran de pétrodollars et ses efforts pour augmenter les revenus pétroliers ainsi que de retrouver son ancien rôle directeur dans l'OPEP ont conduit à renouveler ses relations diplomatiques avec l'Arabie Saoudite en 1991 et leur coopération au sein de l'Organisation.

Mots-clés: Iran; Arabie Saoudite ; Guerre Iran-Irak; considérations économiques; pétrodollars

1. IRAN'S ECONOMIC SITUATION RESULTED FROM IRAN-IRAQ WAR IN 1980S

Iran-Iraq eight-year war (1980-88) caused many damages for Iran's economy. The war impacted on different sections of economic and spoiled life of Iranian people by its heavy devastations and expenditures. According to Sadowski (1993) Iran spent $644 billion, almost ten times the value of the 1978 gross national product (GNP) during the war regardless of matters such as inflation, war casualties and etc. …

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Iran's Economic Considerations after the War and Its Role in Renewing of Iran-Saudi Diplomatic Relations/CONSIDÉRATIONS ÉCONOMIQUES DE L'IRAN APRÈS LA GUERRE ET SON RÔLE DANS LE RENOUVELLEMENT DES RELATIONS DIPLOMATIQUES ENTRE L'IRAN ET L'ARABIE SAOUDITE
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