Female Juvenile Offenders with Heart: Preliminary Findings of an Intervention Model for Female Juvenile Offenders with Substance Use Problems

By Roberts-Lewis, Amelia C.; Welch-Brewer, Chiquitia L. et al. | Journal of Drug Issues, Summer 2010 | Go to article overview

Female Juvenile Offenders with Heart: Preliminary Findings of an Intervention Model for Female Juvenile Offenders with Substance Use Problems


Roberts-Lewis, Amelia C., Welch-Brewer, Chiquitia L., Jackson, Mary S., Pharr, O. Martin, Parker, Sharon, Journal of Drug Issues


This pilot study examined the effectiveness of an intensive, gender specific substance abuse treatment program, Holistic Enrichment for At-Risk Teens (HEART), on the psychosocial functioning of 30 incarcerated girls. A single-group multiple repeated measures design method was used to determine the effectiveness of the HEART program in reducing psychosocial problems associated with the behaviors of problem substance use and delinquency. The results showed that participants in the HEART program displayed significant improvement in eight of ten areas of psychosocial functioning: mental health, family relation, peer relations, educational status, vocational, leisure and recreational skills, and decreases in aggressive behaviors. The conclusion is that it is critical for juvenile correctional facilities to become sites where effective, empirically based treatment is provided.

INTRODUCTION

The prevalence of substance use disorders is disproportionately high among incarcerated girls. Chesney-Lind (200 1 ) and Prescott ( 1 997) cite rates of substance use disorders ranging from 60% to 87% in samples of incarcerated girls. Substance use disorders among incarcerated girls often co-occur with other mental health disorders such as conduct disorders, depression, and anxiety (Goldstein, et al., 2003), and mental health disorders further complicate and aggravate the psychological suffering related to substance-related disorders (Dziegielewski, 2005a). Moreover, substance use has been found to be a robust predictor of recidivism among female juvenile offenders (Stoolmiller & Blechman, 2005). Given these findings, it is critical that juvenile correctional facilities become treatment sites that provide interventions designed to avert females from further involvement in substance abusing and delinquent behaviors. Targeted, effective interventions in institutional settings are needed to treat female juvenile offenders with multiple and varied problems (Jenson, Potter, & Howard, 2001).

Because the causal processes involved in the etiology, maintenance, and escalation of serious substance use and delinquency are multiple and complex, interventions developed to reduce these problems must be multifaceted and theory driven, and must target a broad range of empirically supported risk and protective factors (Catalano & Hawkins, 1996; Dembo & Williams, 1994; Dodge & Pettit, 2003). To be most effective, interventions must target multiple risk factors because multiple risk factors are likely to produce and maintain the co-occurring behaviors of serious substance use and delinquency (Dodge 8c Petit, 2003). Some of these risk factors include family conflict, family management problems, academic failure, low commitment and bonding to school, association with antisocial peers, and cognitive deficits (Catalano & Hawkins, 1996; Dodge & Petit, 2003; Lanctôt & LeBlanc, 2002). For girls, additional risk factors include trauma associated with physical or sexual victimization, poor or damaged self-image, social maladjustment, and anxiety (Hubbard & Pratt, 2002). Interventions that address only a narrow set of risk factors may be insufficient for addressing the scope of the problem (Sukhodolsky & Ruchkin, 2006), and single-component interventions (i.e., those focusing on one problem at a time) are likely to be unsuccessful, given the multiple forces that operate to produce antisocial behaviors (Dembo 8c Williams, 1994; Dodge & Pettit, 2003). Multi-component interventions appear promising (Rutter, Giller, & Hagell, 1998).

Few multi-component interventions targeting youths with serious substance use and delinquency problems - particularly adolescent females - exist (Molidor, Nissen, & Watkins, 2002). These interventions include multisystemic therapy, multidimensional foster care, juvenile drug court, and therapeutic communities. Most of these interventions are community-based. There is a critical need, however, for programming in correctional facilities that incorporate holistic interventions and treatment strategies that address multiple and interconnected factors that result in young women developing adaptive social skills, coping strategies, and prosocial behaviors needed to conform their futures away from crime, drugs, and associated anti-social behaviors. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Female Juvenile Offenders with Heart: Preliminary Findings of an Intervention Model for Female Juvenile Offenders with Substance Use Problems
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.