Planning for the Future of North Kivu

By Rucogoza, François Tuyihimbaze | Forced Migration Review, November 2010 | Go to article overview

Planning for the Future of North Kivu


Rucogoza, François Tuyihimbaze, Forced Migration Review


While North Kivu is still mired in the troubles of yesterday and today, the Administration is actively planning for the creation of a better future.

Ten years of political turbulence and insecurity have left North Kivu with its people having been internally displaced or as refugees in neighbouring Rwanda and Uganda.

Yet there is a vision for the development of the Province and a plan to achieve it. The vision is consonant with the Millenium Development Goals and the Plan with the national Document of Strategies and of Growth for the Reduction of Poverty in DRC (Document de stratégies et de croissance pour la réduction de la pauvreté en RDC (DSCRP)), and it is all in the context of the Stabilisation Programme for Eastern DRC (STAREC).

Despite the difficulties, we come to this point with some successes and achievements to build on. There have been agreements between the Provincial Government and humanitarian partners; the Provincial Government has laid out a global plan for the return of refugees and IDPs and has been to the places of potential return to raise awareness about those returns; central government has carried out joint military operations with MONUC/MONUSCO to create security in the areas of return.

Several of the sites where people have been displaced have been emptied following security for return to those areas - more than 150,000 people have gone home from around Goma town since September 2009 and as of October 2010 scarcely 75,715 people remain displaced in North Kivu, mostly around Masisi and Rutshuru. Our humanitarian partners have accompanied the returnees with assistance in food and non-food items, and seeds to enable them to resume their lives in the villages.

However, obstacles still remain. Some of the areas of return are still prey to the 'inciviques' such as the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) and the Ugandan rebel Allied Forces - National Liberation Army of Uganda (ADF / NALU). And more resources are needed for a variety of purposes - adequate assistance to returnees; missions to promote voluntary return of refugees; and identification and counting of refugees in Rwanda and Uganda.

The Provincial Priority Action Plan (Plan d'Actions Prioritaires - PAP) takes these realities into account but has been built up through a series of stages, including wide local consultation, into a detailed and developed plan.

It takes as its framework the five 'pillars' of the national DSCRP, namely

* Good governance, peace and security

* Macro-economic stability and growth

* Improved access to social services and reduction of vulnerability

* Fighting HIV/ AIDS

* Strengthening of communities

and in each case develops them for the context of the Province and assigns responsibilities within the Provincial Government. …

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