Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8: A Study of Validity and Reliability

By Aypay, Ayse | Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, Spring 2011 | Go to article overview

Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8: A Study of Validity and Reliability


Aypay, Ayse, Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri


Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop an "Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8". The study group included 691 students out of 10 schools in Eskisehir. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data (Burnout stem from school activities, burnout stem from family, feeling of insufficiency in school, lack of interest towards school). A four factor solution was emerged with 26 items. These four factors explain 59 % of the total variance. Factor loadings ranged from .42-.81. Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient for the sub-dimensions ranged from the lowest .76 to the highest .92. Split-half correlation coefficient for the sub-dimensions ranged from .65 to .81. The model indices emerged from the Confirmatory Factor Analysis [GFI=0.94, AGFI=0.91, PGFI=0.89, RMSEA=0.07, CFI=0.91; (x2=787.6, df=293, p<.01)] indicated that there was a good fit. To establish criterion validity of the scale, "Academic Expectations Stress Inventory" was used. The correlation coefficients between the two scales as well as among the sub-dimensions of the scales varied from the lowest .20 to the highest .38.

Key Words

Burnout, School Burnout, Student, Confirmatory Factor Analysis.

Freduenberger defines burnout as failure, attrition or exhaustion as a result of the excessive use of power, energy, and other individual sources (Maslach, Schaufeli, & Leiter, 2001; Seidman & Zager, 1991). Professions that require intensive and permanent contact with human beings are thought to be inclined to develop burnout syndrome and uner risk concerning burnout (Farber & Miller, 1981; Van Horn, Schaufeli, & Enzmann, 1999) studies focused on these professional areas (Dyrbye, 2008; Hiscott & Connop, 1989; Huebner, 1992; Kaçmaz, 2005; Malanowski & Wood, 1984). However, over time studies extended to cover all the professions (Pines & Guendelman 1995; Shirom, 1989). Health and educational burnout research based on three strands: Organization, profession/work and individual (Grayson & Alvarez, 2008). Teacher and other school personnel burnout have been widely studied (Akçamete, Kaner, & Sucuoglu 2001; Bakker & Schaufeli, 2000; Cemaloglu & Kayabasi, 2007; Farber & Miller, 1981; Friedman, 1999; Greenglass, Fiksenbaum, & Burke, 1994; Huebner, 1992; Ross, Altmaier, & Russell, 1989; Russell, Altmaier, & Van Velzen, 1987; Sandoval, 1993; Sucuoglu & Kuloglu 1996; Tatar & Horenczyk, 2003). That the main reason for that is burnout was defined as psychological processes in the dual structure between work and worker (Yang & Farn, 2005).

Burnout in Educational Settings

A quite large number of studies on school personnel assume that school alone might be a factor that produces stress (Chang, Rand, & Strunk, 2000). There are debates whether burnout sydrome could be observed among students or not (Maslach et al., 2001). Students could be directly influenced by the problems in school and thus they might develop burnout (Grayson & Alvarez, 2008; Howes, Matheson, & Hamilton, 1994; Tatar & Horenczyk, 2003; Woodrum, 2005).

Although the effects of education and schools on students' social and psychological development are the subjects of many studies (Kuperminc, Leadbeater, & Blatt, 2001; Normandeau & Guay, 1998; Rigby, 1999; Schunk, 1991), burnout syndrome found a limited space on student based educational research (Friedman, 1999; Schwab, Jakson, & Schuler, 1986). School might be seen as a workplace for students (McCarthy, Pretty, & Catano, 1990; Salmela-Aro, Savolainen, & Holopainen, 2009; Yang & Farn, 2005). That the reason for that is students have been required to fulfill many responsibilities related to school (Balogun, Helgemoe, Pellegrini, & Hoeberlein, 1996; Chambel & Curral, 2005; Fimian Fastenau, Tashner, & Cross, 1989). Research that aims to determine burnout levels focused on college students (Bernhard, 2007; Fimian et al. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8: A Study of Validity and Reliability
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.