Study on Current "Religious Fever" Phenomenon of China1/ÉTUDE SUR LE PHÉNOMÈNE ACTUEL DE "FIÈVRE RELIGIEUSE" DE LA CHINE
Meng, Xianxia, Canadian Social Science
This paper details the concrete manifestation of current "religious fever" phenomenon in China; explores the underlying causes of its formation from social roots, understanding roots, psychological roots and religious secularization the four aspects; proposes to make a rational response to religious revival, implement the basic principle of the party's religious work, develop science and education, have people form scientific world outlook, while strengthening the socialist spiritual civilization.
Key words: Religious fever; Performance; Reason; Response
Resume: Cet article expose Ia manifestation du phénomène courant de "fièvre religieuse" en Chine; explore les causes sous-jacentes de sa constitution à partir des quatre aspects: les racines sociales, les racines de compréhension, les racines psychologiques et la sécularisation religieuse; propose d'apporter une réponse rationnelle à un redressement religieux, met en oeuvre le principe élémentaire du travail religieux du parti, développe la science et l'éducation, aide les gens à former une vision du monde scientifique, tout en renforçant la civilisation spirituelle socialiste.
Mots clés: Fièvre religieuse; Performance; Raison; Réponse
Late of the 20th century, especially after the age of 70, a powerful religious revival sweeps the world: the traditional religious revive and the new religions rise, popular mysticism culture gets popular. And with the deepening of globalization, the increasingly open China has become more wrapped in the religious upsurge. In recent years, from the developing forces of the prairie of Christ and Catholic, from the clamor and confusion to the public of the Falún Gong elements, from the Tibetan separatist, East Turkistan separatist and other ethnic and religious events, China's "religious fever" phenomenon once again become the main object of attention.
1. THE CONCRETE PERFORMANCE OF CHINA'S CURRENT "RELIGIOUS FEVER"
1.1 The gradual rise in the number of believers
After China's reform and opening up, especially in recent years, with the implementation of the policy of religious freedom, religious activities have been suppressed from the underground to the ground; the number of people of all kinds of religions is increasing. At present, apart from Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, Christianity, five major religions, there are a small number of Orthodox Christians and many folk beliefs of minority faith traditions in our country.
According to the Chinese Christian Three-Self Patriotic Movement Committee and the Chinese Christian Association, the number of Christian believers is 1600 million, and has doubled comparing with 800 million in the early 90s, while the actual number of Christians are much larger; there are 550 million Catholics (including the underground Catholic forces ); the population of Islamic minority is about 21 million, has increased 4 million than 17 million in the early 90s of last century; in the early 90s of last century, China's Buddhism has already get 100 million people, accounting for 8.3% of the total population, of which about 168,000 monks and nuns; Taoism with deep cultural roots has deeply potential too (State Council Information Office of China, 1997, pi 1).
In 1993, the government announced that the number of believers in China is more than 30 million, in 1997, this figure surpassed 100 million, now China's current total population of religious believers is estimated more than 300 million (JIN Ze and QIU Yonghui, 2008, p3) it reflects that the growth trend of the religious number is beyond doubt. In addition, the opening up venues for religious activities approval by the government has more than 8.5 million, the religious schools and colleges run by religious groups for doing a training of clerical personnel has also reach 74, there has been about 4,000 religious organizations at all levels.
1.2 Subtle changes in belief structure
Religious belief structure means the composition of believers, the geographical distribution of different religious believers and so on. …