Bureaucracy and Socio-Economic Management in a Depressed Economy/BUREAUCRATIE ET GESTION SOCIO-ÉCONOMIQUE DANS UNE ÉCONOMIE STAGNANTE

By Idakwoji, S. P. | Canadian Social Science, April 3, 2011 | Go to article overview

Bureaucracy and Socio-Economic Management in a Depressed Economy/BUREAUCRATIE ET GESTION SOCIO-ÉCONOMIQUE DANS UNE ÉCONOMIE STAGNANTE


Idakwoji, S. P., Canadian Social Science


Abstract:

This paper examined the role of bureaucracy in socio-economic management in a depressed economy, using Nigeria as a case study. The logic and validity of the proposition that bureaucracy is the nucleus of governmental management has long been acknowledged by scholars of development administration. The contributions of such scholars have led to the realization that without a vibrant and dynamic bureaucracy, national socio economic development in less developed societies will nose-dive. The need for vibrant and dynamic bureaucracy in Nigeria cannot be overemphasised taking into cognisance the parochial political culture of the country. Again, the dominance of the political system by the amateur political class places heavy task on the bureaucracy in ensuring the proper functioning of the governmental system. However there are challenges facing bureaucracy in Nigeria which include cold war between bureaucrats and the politicians and the absence of national ideology amongst others. The paper concluded that for effective socio-economic development of the country, the political and the bureaucratic elites should work together as partners in nation building. This can only be attained with a clear national ideology and in a situation where each appreciates the role of the other and work within the limits of each boundary as spelt out by the law of the land.

Key words: Bureaucracy; Ideology; Parochial political culture

Résumé: Cet article examine le rôle de la bureaucratie dans la gestion socio-économique dans une économie stagnante, en prenant le Nigeria comme un cas d'étude. La logique et la validité de la proposition que la bureaucratie est le noyau de la gestion gouvernementale sont reconnues depuis longtemps par des spécialistes de l'administration du développement. Les contributions de ces spécialistes ont conduit à la prise de conscience que sans une bureaucratie vivante et dynamique, le développement socio-économique nationale dans les sociétés moins développées va descendre en piqué. La nécessité d'une bureaucratie vibrante et dynamique au Nigeria ne peut pas être surestimée en tenant compte de la culture politique paroissiale du pays. La domination de la classe politique amatrice dans le système politique pose de nouveau des tâches lourdes sur la bureaucratie en assurant le bon fonctionnement du système gouvernemental. Cependant, il y a des défis auxquels sont confrontés la bureaucratie au Nigeria, telles que la guerre froide entre les bureaucrates et les politiciens et l'absence d'idéologie nationale entre autres. L'article conclut que pour un développement socio-économique effectif du pays, les élites politiques et bureaucratiques doivent travailler ensemble en partenariat dans la construction de la nation. Ce ne peut être atteint qu'avec une idéologie nationale claire et dans une situation où chacun apprécie le rôle de l'autre et travaille dans les limites de chaque frontière en conformité avec la législation nationale.

Mots clés: Bureaucratie; Idéologie; Culture politique paroissiale

1. INTRODUCTION

Bureaucracy is the nerve centre of governmental management. Thus, bureaucracy is an important conditioning factor or determinant of the success or failure of any government development policy or strategy. The logic and validity of the proposition that bureaucracy is the nucleus of governmental management has long been acknowledged by scholars of development administration such as Fred Riggs, Lucían Pye, and Katz, S.(Abdulsalami 2007). The contributions of studies by those scholars and others have led to the realization that there is a relationship between national socio-economic development and bureaucracy. The relationship is so strong that without a vibrant and dynamic bureaucracy, no nation can achieve the desired objectives of improved socio-economic development.

The importance of bureaucracy in the management of socio-economic development of the country is more acknowledged in an era of economic depression or economic melt down as being witnessed globally today. …

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