Medicine and Music in Croatia

By Breitenfeld, Darko; Bergovec, Mijo et al. | Alcoholism, January 1, 2011 | Go to article overview

Medicine and Music in Croatia


Breitenfeld, Darko, Bergovec, Mijo, Lucijanic, Marko, Pavic, Jadranka, Miletic, Jelena, Buljan, Danijel, Alcoholism


Summary

The field of music and medicine in Croatia has been scientifically developed since 17th century. For 40 years the Croatian Association for Music Therapy and the Croatian Medical Music Association have been promoting and developing this field. The Male chamber choir Physicians Musicians of Zagreb is engaged not only in cultural, but also in professional and scientific activities with already 5 international symposia organized on theme Medicine and Music. Ten books, a few hundred (around 400 in Croatian and 40 in English) scientific and professional papers were published and the Health Centre for Artist was established at University Hospital Dubrava. In this paper we would like to stress the historical background, the state of this field in Croatia today, as well as other aspects such as music therapy and pathographies of composers. University hospital »Sestre milosrdnice« already organized more than 20 international symposia in field of music therapy.

Keywords: medicine; music; Zagreb Physicians Musicians; music therapy; overuse injury; patography

INTRODUCTION

Since the human kind has existed, shamans of old ages performed their healing rituals in wild dance followed by percussion rhythms and songs (as we can see today in some African and South American tribes). This interconnection is vividly incorporated in Apollo, ancient Greek god of sun, music and healing. 1 The Ancient Greek philosophers and healers accentuated the importance of medical use of music. Pythagoras investigated the practical use of different music scales - modes with the intention to change human moods. And Hippocrates, Galen, Celsus, Plato and Aristotle applied music systematically with the intention to heal. 1 During the Middle Ages a large number of physicians tried to implement music in their work. From 17 th century on, practicing music was recognized as potentially harmful when the Italian physician Ramazzini wrote a book called »De morbis arti-ficum « and devoted an entire chapter to health problems of flute and trumpet players. He compared pulmonary strain with the one created when a person is running. 2

In Croatia the first documented use of music as a remedy dates back to 17 th century 3 when Gjuro Baglivi (1668-1707) described the effect of tarantula spider poison on the human body and recommended wild dancing epidemics style as a potential antidote in his book »De praxi medica«. He was a world known jatro-physicist. Not long after, Julio Bajamonti (1744-1800) 3 wrote about »Physician and music« and stated that, when treating a patient, art and humanity are just as important as professionalism. He was the most important Croatian physician - composer, also called »Croatian Mozart« and his works are essential part of the Croatian music heritage. 4 He worked as a doctor in Hvar and Split, and as a polymath and polyglot, dealt with history, archeology, physics, chemistry, meteorology, seamanship, linguistics, ethnology, philosophy, economy and agronomy. His concepts were later adopted by Bettini (1812-1865). At the beginning of 20 th century Gundrum wrote about the healing power of music; Gostl implemented music as treatment at the Psychiatric hospital Vrap~e is implementing and the Goren eks used music therapy in the rehabilitation of disabled persons. On Hudolin's stimulus (University hospital »Sestre milo-srdnice «) 50 years ago this field was further elaborated and developed by D. Breitenfeld. It is his merit that today in Croatia the three most interesting fields of medicine and music are studied and scientifically documented: music therapy, health problems of performing musicians and famous composers' patographies (around 120 articles published in Croatian and around 40 in English). 1,5-7 There are many other notable physicians - musicians from Croatia, to mention only some: N. and S. Kalogjera, L. Batini}, Mi. Bergovec, L. and Ma. Bergovec, D. and T. Breitenfeld, etc.

Croatia is also famous for its five medical choirs: Split Physicians Choir, Zadar Physicians Choir, Varazdin choir of medical workers and Rijeka choir of medical workers. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Medicine and Music in Croatia
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.