Epidemiological Study of Suicide in Croatia (2004-2009) - Motive Alcohol Dependence

By Skrtic, Drazen; Milivojevic, Lana et al. | Alcoholism, January 1, 2011 | Go to article overview

Epidemiological Study of Suicide in Croatia (2004-2009) - Motive Alcohol Dependence


Skrtic, Drazen, Milivojevic, Lana, Karlovic, Ruza, Alcoholism


Abstract

Modern cognitions in the field of criminology have analyzed alcohol as a significant, even decisive factor in extrovert and introvert violent behavior. Introvert manifestation of violence results in a certain number of suicide cases. The statistical data analysis regarding the number of suicides carried out by the Croatian Ministry of the Interior aimed at determining the number of suicides induced by alcohol dependence, its portion in the total number of suicides and regional distribution of the number of suicides committed due to alcohol dependence and acute alcohol intoxication. According to the data on the number of suicides provided by the Ministry of the Interior, there were 4727 suicides in the period from 2004 to 2009; 3529 were committed in the continental part of the country and 1198 in the Mediterranean part. In the same period there were 294 suicides induced by alcohol dependence in the continental part of the country and 25 in the Mediterranean part. The average number of suicides in the Mediterranean part of Croatia was lower (4.17 suicides per annum) in comparison to the continental part of Croatia (49 suicides per annum). As far as other non-determined motives of committing suicide are concerned, the research showed significant differences in gender at the expense of men and a significantly higher percentage of married persons committing suicide. The ratio of suicides committed due to alcohol dependence in the continental part of Croatia compared to the one in the Mediterranean part is smaller than the ratio of the total number of suicides committed in the continental part of Croatia compared to the suicide rate in the Mediterranean Croatia. In the whole country there is a tendency towards a decrease in the number of suicides motivated by alcoholism, but there is also a statistically significant increase in the number of suicides motivated by alcoholism in the Mediterranean Croatia.

Keywords : Croatia; suicide; suicide motive; alcohol dependence; socio-demographic characteristics

INTRODUCTION

Very often motives for suicide can be guessed or determined by probabilities resulting from the collected data, determined facts and medical documentation. Amotive is considered the one that, besides internal and external factors affecting the decision of committing suicide, was decisive in the moment of suicide commitment. Alcohol dependence and alcohol intoxication are significant risk factors for suicidal behavior. However, the relationship between alcohol dependence, acute alcohol intoxication and suicide is not entirely clear. But one is convincing: acute intoxication conditions reduce an individual's self-control activating thus the already existing suicidal tendencies. The connection between alcohol abuse and suicide has been confirmed by a number of epidemiologic and psychiatric studies.1

Suicide rate depends on a great number of interfering factors of dependence, disease, socio-demographic characteristics and geographical area. However, recent studies of suicide in Croatia have shown that the distribution of suicides is mostly connected to the geographical position of the region. So, the suicide rate is lower in the Mediterranean part of the country than in the continental part.

Suicide rate research includes all characteristics of suicide, socio-demographic data and the regional distribution of suicides. The authors analyzed the rates of suicide committed due to alcohol dependence and acute alcohol intoxication according to previously determined parameters. The initial research hypothesis starts from the fact that the rate of all suicides in the Mediterranean part of the country is several-fold lower than the rate in the continental part, so, as a result, the rate of suicide committed because of alcohol dependence and acute alcohol intoxication should follow, with small deviations, the rates of the regional distribution of the total suicide rates.

Subjects and methods

The Ministry of the Interior and the Croatian Bureau of Statistics register the data on the number of suicides in Croatia. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Epidemiological Study of Suicide in Croatia (2004-2009) - Motive Alcohol Dependence
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.