The Allocation of Time to Sports and Cultural Activities: An Analysis of Individual Decisions

By Muñiz, Cristina; Rodríguez, Plácido et al. | International Journal of Sport Finance, August 2011 | Go to article overview

The Allocation of Time to Sports and Cultural Activities: An Analysis of Individual Decisions


Muñiz, Cristina, Rodríguez, Plácido, Suárez, María J., International Journal of Sport Finance


Abstract

Participation in sports and participation in cultural activities are usually considered separately in economic empirical studies. Because both of these activities are forms of leisure, this paper analyzes the determination of their consumption as joint and related decisions. Our theoretical framework is the neoclassical theory of the allocation of time. Our empirical analysis begins with a Constant Elasticity Substitution (CES) utility function, which we use to estimate the decision to participate in sports and cultural activities in the first stage. Conditional on the results of this stage, we then estimate the amount of time allocated to these activities. The data come from the Time Use Survey implemented by the National Statistics Office (INE) in 2002-2003. In this survey, the time allocated to sports and cultural activities in a single day is collected for each individual in detail. The results reveal a complementary relationship between the two activities and suggest that males and females exhibit different behaviors.

Keywords: sports demand, cultural demand, constant elasticity substitution, seemingly unrelated regression

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction

Sports and culture are rarely linked in academic research. While a burgeoning literature exists in both cultural and sport economics, both subjects have generally been studied in isolation despite their clear similarities: Both are forms of leisure time allocation that may be jointly chosen by individuals. This common feature justifies a joint analysis of both activities.

An interesting question addressed in this article is whether these leisure activities tend to be demanded jointly or separately. On one hand, both activities may be considered as a social occasion and a chance to spend time and socialize with others. On the other hand, sports and cultural activities are time-intensive goods and may compete for individual leisure time.

The aim of this research is to analyze the individual's decision to allocate time to sports and cultural activities using the neoclassical consumption theory. In Spain, the literature on sports participation (we include physical activity) from an economic perspective is scarce and, as far as we know, no articles study both of these leisure activities. García et al. (2009) develop a structural model of the allocation of time to sports and leisure, assuming a Constant Elasticity of Substitution (CES) utility function. The current paper builds upon García et al.'s model by adding another use of leisure time: time devoted to cultural activities. Thus, we specify a model that defines three uses of time besides working time: sports, cultural, and other leisure activities. This model leads to a system of three demand equations for time not allocated to work, which are estimated using the Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) method.

The dataset used in this research is "La Encuesta de Empleo del Tiempo" (Spanish Time Use Survey, 2002-2003) conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE; National Statistics Office) according to the Eurostat guidelines for harmonized European time use surveys. The distinctive feature of this database is a diary that provides information on the activities of each individual across a given day, provided in 10 min intervals.

Literature Review

Sports Economics

There is a wide body of literature on sports economics, including several textbooks and handbooks that analyze various aspects of interest to economists.1Moreover, there is growing economic literature that specifically examines sports participation, among which it is worth mentioning Humphreys and Ruseski (2006, 2007, 2009, 2010); Downward and Riordan (2007); Wicker, Breuer, and Pawlowski (2009); and Downward and Rasciute (2010).

The research on mass participation in sports draws upon two major theoretical approaches: the neoclassical theory and the heterodox economics approach. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Allocation of Time to Sports and Cultural Activities: An Analysis of Individual Decisions
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.