Effect of Election Irregularities on Socio-Economic Development of the People in Selected Rural Communities of Delta State in Nigeria

By Onweazu, Okoji Olufemi | Ife Psychologia, September 2011 | Go to article overview

Effect of Election Irregularities on Socio-Economic Development of the People in Selected Rural Communities of Delta State in Nigeria


Onweazu, Okoji Olufemi, Ife Psychologia


Abstract

Since the fourth Republic there have been trends of bad leadership in the State resulting from election irregularities committed that produce leaders in the State. The nature, extent and magnitude of rigging associated with elections in this state are posing a serious threat to the state quest for stable socio-economic development and democratic practices, as well as the attainment of the long term goal of consolidated democracy. Thus, this study examines the effect of election irregularities on socio - economic development of the rural dwellers in Delta State. The study adopted descriptive survey research of Ex- post facto. The instrument used in this research work was tagged Election Irregularities Scale (SES), which was administered in three selected local Government in Delta South West Senatorial District. Chi square was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significant

Key Words: Election irregularities, leadership, socio economic development, rigging

Introduction

The layman definition of politics which is the most common definition is the struggle for and the exercise of power and influence in society. But we can say that, not all power and influential relationships are political. That is politics is power but not all powers are politics Nnoli (1986).

Aristotle (384-322 BC) defines politics with the observation that "man is by nature a political animal." In another perspective, Gauba (2003) summarised the definition as "an activity universal to all societies, at all levels and at all times -past, present and in the future. Politics is not only unique to the state, groups, institutions, political parties, and trade unions. It is also an activity that equally exists in the family, school, clubs, and religious organizations as well as in work places. However, Allan et al (2002) defined politics in another perspective as "who gets what, when and how." This definition is credited with certain aspect of political reality, especially what goes on in the politics of most African states.

However, Eghe (2003) opined that democratically elected government is a form of Government in which the people of a particular country who have attained a particular age cast their votes for candidate of their choice. As a result, the government that exists through the majority of the people in a country or state can be referred to as elected government. Thus, election in a representative democracy is a process by which the members of the community or organization choose one or more persons to exercise authority on their behalf.

Political parties are the political organizations which actively and effectively engage in a competition for elective posts or office. According to Mujani (2005), "a political party is an organization of individuals that seek continuing electoral and non-electoral authorization from the public or a portion thereof, for specified representation of that organization to exercise political power of particular government offices, claiming that such power would be exercised on behalf of that public". Smith (2007) defined political party as "a group of officials or would be officials who are linked with a sizeable group of citizens into an organization; Ray (2003) asserted that the major objective of this organization is to ensure that its officials attain power or are maintained in power".

Nnoli (1986) defines power as that non-divisible unit of energy which is capable of causing a change in the actions of its victim, in spite of the victim's opposition to the change; that when a President or Prime minister reshuffles his cabinet, he exercises power over it; a legislature who convinced another to vote in a particular way on an issue in the legislature also exercises power over him.

Moreover, Nworgu (2002) defined political power broadly as the capacity to affect another's behaviour by some form of sanction; that this sanction may take the form of coercion or inducement. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Effect of Election Irregularities on Socio-Economic Development of the People in Selected Rural Communities of Delta State in Nigeria
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.