Impact of Employees Motivation on Organizational Effectiveness

By Manzoor, Quratul-Ain | Business Management and Strategy, January 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

Impact of Employees Motivation on Organizational Effectiveness


Manzoor, Quratul-Ain, Business Management and Strategy


Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that effects employee motivation and examining the relationship between organizational effectiveness and employee motivation.

A model was designed based on the literature, linking factors of employee motivation with employee motivation and organizational effectiveness. Three hypotheses were build based on the literature and the model and were tested in perspective of the previous studies and literature.

The literature and various studies concluded that factors: empowerment and recognition have positive effect on employee motivation. More the empowerment and recognition of employees in an organization is increased, more will their motivation to work will enhance. Also there exists a positive relationship between employee motivation and organizational effectiveness. The more the employees are motive to tasks accomplishment higher will the organizational performance and success.

The study focuses on the practice and observance of the two central factors, empowerment and employee recognition for enhancing employee motivation which leads to organizational effectiveness. The organizations should design their rules, policies and organizational structures that give space to the employee to work well and appreciate them on their tasks fulfillment and achievements. This will surely lead to organizational growth.

Keywords: Empowerment, Recognition, Motivation, Organizational Effectiveness

1. Introduction

Every organization and business wants to be successful and have desire to get constant progress. The current era is highly competitive and organizations regardless of size, technology and market focus are facing employee retention challenges. To overcome these restraints a strong and positive relationship and bonding should be created and maintained between employees and their organizations. Human resource or employees of any organization are the most central part so they need to be influenced and persuaded towards tasks fulfillment.

For achieving prosperity, organizations design different strategies to compete with the competitors and for increasing the performance of the organizations. A very few organizations believe that the human personnel and employees of any organization are its main assets which can lead them to success or if not focused well, to decline. Unless and until, the employees of any organization are satisfied with it, are motivated for the tasks fulfillment and goals achievements and encouraged, none of the organization can progress or achieve success.

The focus of this study is to enlighten that how an organization through its employees can achieve success and effectiveness. The purpose of the study is to analyze the impact of employees' motivation on organizational effectiveness. The study has two sub-objectives; firstly the factors that increase motivation of employees are to be determined. Secondly the relationship of employee motivation and organizational effectiveness is to be examined.

2. Literature Review

2.1 Motivation

According to Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, a motive is "something a need or desire that causes a person to act". "Motivate, in turn, means "to provide with a motive," and motivation is defined as "the act or process of motivating". Consequently, motivation is the performance or procedure of presenting an intention that origin a person to capture some accomplishment (Shanks.N. H.). According to Butkus & Green (1999), motivation is derived from the word "motivate", means to move, push or influence to proceed for fulfilling a want (Kalimullah et al, 2010).

Bartol and Martin (1998) describe motivation as a power that strengthens behavior, gives route to behavior, and triggers the tendency to continue (Farhad et al, 2011). This explanation identifies that in order to attain assured targets; individuals must be satisfactorily energetic and be clear about their destinations. …

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