YOUTH CONTRACT OF SOME SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIs) IN EDO CENTRAL, NIGERIA

By Ataman, J E; Odaman, Odion M | Gender & Behaviour, December 2011 | Go to article overview

YOUTH CONTRACT OF SOME SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIs) IN EDO CENTRAL, NIGERIA


Ataman, J E, Odaman, Odion M, Gender & Behaviour


Abstract

In Nigeria, as noted in the 'National Policy on Population for Sustainable Development', sexually transmitted infections (STIs) had constituted a silent epidemic or the major health problem for the country. Consequently, from a total of 783 randomly selected youth ages 10-24 years in Edo Central Nigeria, this study examined youth contract of some STIs. Data tended to reveal first, that the males were slightly in excess of the females among the respondents. Secondly, that the bulk of the respondents was 'never married' (84.6%). Thirdly, that majority of youth (76.7%) in Edo Central, Nigeria was engaged in educational activities, that is, as students. Finally, the prevalence of Gonorrhea, herpes simplex, Chlamydia, trachomatis, genital warts, syphilis, staph aureus and HIV/AIDS at 6.5, 0.4, 0.8, 2.6, 1.9, 1.0 and 1.3 percent among youth was found. It was, therefore, asserted in this study that STIs can cause infertility, serious illness, disability and death if left untreated. Hence, it is advised that youths should abstain from pre-marital sexual intercourse and consult a physician if they have STIs, among others.

Key Words: Youth, Contract, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Pre-marital Sexual Intercourse, STIs Prevalence and Edo Central.

Introduction

Boyd, Haub and Cornelius (2000) have referred to youth as young people who are in the 10 to 24 years age group. Han, Coles and Hipps (1997); Burstein, Gaydos and Diener- West (1998); and Hilger, Smith and Adult (2001) have agreed that younger ages are strong risk factors of some sexually transmitted infections. Also, the Population Reports (1987) and (Sai, 2007) had identified sexually transmitted infections as most common adult infections.

As noted by Opaneye, (1999) and Opaneye and Ashton (2000), the social and economic consequences of most of the sexually transmitted diseases, and particularly repeated infections are considerable. For instance, ascending infections are the main causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). According to Hamerschlag (1998), adolescents are at greater risk of this complication with attendant legal implications, where they are sexually abused.

Unfortunately, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) has led to tubal blockade, chronic pelvic pain and ectopic pregnancy (Sherris and Fox, 1983; Silber and Woodward, 1985 and Sai, 2007). The incident has also caused substantial drains on private funds during adult years, marital disharmony and marriage failures or breakdown. It is partly for this reason that we have undertaken an empirical investigation of youth contract of some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Edo Central Senatorial District of Nigeria.

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are diseases transmitted through sexual intercourse and other forms of sexual intimacy (De La Torre, 1980; Population Reports, 1987; and Opaneye, 1999). Some of the major infections include gonorrhea, herpes simplex, Chlamydia trachomitis, genital warts, syphilis, staph aureus and HI V/ AIDS. Sexually transmittable infections have been major health problems for all regions of the world. As in Table 1 , sub - Sanaran Africa is a region of extreme for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and trachonomiasis at disease prevalence rates of 12.23, 57.71, 55.04, 119.18 for males and 15.39, 65.47, 65.95, 119.91 for females (per thousand) respectively. According to Opaneye (1999), these STIs have affected several thousand of people, worldwide and the victims may harbor more than one disease.

Furthermore, WHO ( in Sai, 2007) had recently reported four million, twenty million and twenty-five million cases of syphilis, genital herpes and gonorrhea respectively. Also, some large African cities had new gonorrhea infections of about 3000 per 10,000 population. Particularly, in Kenya, it was noted that the prevalence of gonorrhea, Chlamydia and syphilis were between 1 and 10, 6 and 12, 1 and 9 percent respectively. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

YOUTH CONTRACT OF SOME SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIs) IN EDO CENTRAL, NIGERIA
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.