DSM-Oriented Scales of the Child Behavior Checklist and Youth Self-Report in Clinically Referred Spanish Children

By Lacalle, Montserrat; Ezpeleta, Lourdes et al. | The Spanish Journal of Psychology, January 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

DSM-Oriented Scales of the Child Behavior Checklist and Youth Self-Report in Clinically Referred Spanish Children


Lacalle, Montserrat, Ezpeleta, Lourdes, Doménech, Josep M., The Spanish Journal of Psychology


The Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) is an example of the efforts to integrate categorical and dimensional assessment methods. The latest editions of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Youth Self-Report (YSR) included the DSM-Oriented Scales, constructed in rational manner based on the items making up these inventories. Objective: To analyze the psychometric properties of the DSM-Oriented Scales of the CBCL and YSR. Method: A clinical sample of 420 children and adolescents (aged 8-17 years) was assessed with the CBCL and YSR, with a structured diagnostic interview and with measures of functional impairment to study the reliability and validity of the DSM-Oriented Scales. Results: Internal consistency ranged from moderate to good for all the scales except the DSM-Anxiety Problems Scale. Agreement between parents and children ranged between moderate and low values. Kappa coefficients showed moderate agreement in the different symptoms. The DSM-Oriented Scales presented acceptable diagnostic power for DSM-IV disorders and a significant relationship with measures of functional impairment. Conclusion: The DSM-Oriented Scales constitute a useful approach from the dimensional model to the DSM-IV disorders in Spanish clinical population.

Keywords: DSM scales, psychopathology, taxonomy, CBCL, YSR.

El Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) es un ejemplo de los esfuerzos realizados para converger los métodos de evaluación categoriales y dimensionales. El Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) y el Youth Self-Report (YSR) han incluido en su última edición las Escalas DSM construidas de modo racional a partir de los ítems que forman parte de estos inventarios. Objetivo: analizar las propiedades psicométricas de las Escalas DSM de los cuestionarios CBCL y YSR. Método: se evaluó una muestra clínica de 420 niños y adolescentes (8-17 años) con los cuestionarios CBCL y YSR, con una entrevista diagnóstica estructurada y con medidas de deterioro funcional para estudiar la fiabilidad y validez de las Escalas DSM. Resultados: La consistencia interna osciló entre moderada y buena en todas las escalas, excepto en la Escala DSM-Pr. Ansiedad. El acuerdo entre padres e hijos fluctuó entre valores moderados y bajos. Los coeficientes Kappa mostraron una concordancia moderada en los diferentes síntomas. Las Escalas DSM presentaron un aceptable poder diagnóstico sobre los trastornos DSM-IV y una relación significativa con medidas de deterioro funcional. Conclusión: las Escalas DSM son una aproximación útil desde el modelo dimensional a los trastornos DSM-IV en población clínica española.

Palabras clave: escalas DSM, psicopatología, taxonomía, CBCL,YSR.

For around forty years now, two basic approaches have existed side by side in child and adolescent psychopathology: a) the medical-categorical model and b) the psychometricdimensional model. This duality has given rise to two different taxonomies: clinical syndromes, originating on the basis of hypotheses of covariation of symptoms observed in clinical practice (Wakefield, 1999), and empirical syndromes, resulting from the application of statistical techniques to different groups of symptoms (Achenbach, 1990).

Each of these diagnostic systems is linked to a specific assessment process. Categorical taxonomies require a qualitative assessment of mental disorders. Although classifications, such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994), provide details of all the criteria necessary for diagnosing a disorder, they do not specify how to assess the presence of symptoms and the impairment these can cause in the individual. In spite of this, the assessment strategy typically followed for obtaining categorical diagnoses is the interview (del Barrio, 1995; Kendall, Cantwell, & Kazdin, 1989). Inventories, questionnaires and scales are the assessment instruments employed from the psychometric model. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

DSM-Oriented Scales of the Child Behavior Checklist and Youth Self-Report in Clinically Referred Spanish Children
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.