Moskaus Griechisches Jahrhundert

By Smith, T Allan | Canadian Slavonic Papers, September-December 1996 | Go to article overview

Moskaus Griechisches Jahrhundert


Smith, T Allan, Canadian Slavonic Papers


Ekkehard Kraft. Moskaus griechisches Jahrhundert. Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte des ostlichen Europa, Band 43. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1995. 223 pp. DM 68.00, paper.

Ekkehard Kraft's masterful study of what he aptly terms "Moscow's Greek century" has much to offer the specialist in seventeenth-century Russian and southeast European ecclesiastical, cultural and political history. It is not a study of the sources, but primarily a critical reevaluation and reinterpretation of scholarly writing about the influence of Greek religious and political figures on seventeenth-century Russian society. That fact should not dissuade prospective readers for Kraft alerts scholars to many dimensions of this complex century that deserve further research, including the Greek role in the union of Ukraine with Russia, and the significance of Moldavia and Wallachia for the religious and political history of southeastern Europe to name just two.

Taking his cue from George Ostrogorsky, Kraft successfully demonstrates that the Greek presence in seventeenth-century Russia was much more than the afterglow of Byzantine influence and shows that its impact was felt far beyond the usual parameters of tsar and patriarch (Alexis Mikhailovich and Nikon) within which Muscovite grecophilism frequently is confined. He describes how ordinary and influential Greek personages, both at home in the Ottoman empire and on site in Moscow itself, successfully swayed Russian foreign and domestic policy in favour of Greek interests, attaining a zenith in the establishment of the Greco-Slavic academy in Moscow in 1687. Kraft points out that at the moment of its greatest triumph the Greek party in Moscow suffered its most damaging setback, as Peter the Great piloted his nation into western instead of eastern harbours. Yet is was under Peter the Great that Russia began in earnest its protracted military involvement in the affairs of the Ottoman empire, seeing itself as the defender and liberator of Greek and subsequently other Orthodox Christians residing there. In that sense, Kraft may be justified in holding that the Greek influence in Russian society only ended decisively with the Bolshevik revolution in 1917.

The introduction to the book is every bit as informative as the chapters themselves, giving a brief and incisive summary of scholarship on Greco-Russian relations in the seventeenth century. Particularly noteworthy is Kraft's drawing attention to the underresearched history of Greece during the Turkocracy. Then Kraft discusses the situation of Greek Orthodox Christians living under Ottoman rule and paints a much more favourable picture than one might expect. He rightly points out that the Greek Church quickly accepted the permanence of Muslim rule and sought ways of accommodating itself without, however, ever abandoning the hope of achieving liberty in the future.

The next section deals with the encounter of Greeks and Russians in the seventeenth century. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Moskaus Griechisches Jahrhundert
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.