Emerging Counselor Identity through the American Counseling Association and the Texas Counseling Association: An Historical Perspective

By Robinson, Chester R. | Journal of Professional Counseling, Practice, Theory, & Research, Winter 2012 | Go to article overview

Emerging Counselor Identity through the American Counseling Association and the Texas Counseling Association: An Historical Perspective


Robinson, Chester R., Journal of Professional Counseling, Practice, Theory, & Research


The American Counseling Association (ACA) and the Texas Counseling Association (TCA) both are professional organizations with distinct and unique ties to the counseling profession. Though their existence is nearly parallel, if not congruent, as both officially came into existence in the early 1950s, their purposes and services converged in some aspects but diverged in others. Both have enjoyed growth in membership and in the representation of counselors' special interests. Their professional foci began to distinctly diverge in the 1990s. Though still connected by charter, they now offer their members similar services and representation but seem to maintain different purposes and foci. In this manuscript, I will outline their parallel development in an attempt to discern this recent divergence of purpose and foci.

Strife versus Stability

The American Counseling Association (ACA) and the Texas Counseling Association (TCA) both are professional organizations with distinct and unique ties to the counseling profession. Though their existence is nearly parallel, if not congruent, as both officially came into existence in the early 1950s, their purposes and services have converged in some aspects but diverged in others. Both enjoyed growth in membership and in the representation of counselors' special interests. Their professional foci began to distinctly diverge in the 1990s. Though still connected by charter, they now offer their members similar services and representation but seem to maintain different purposes and foci. In this manuscript, I will outline their parallel development in an attempt to discern this recent divergence of purpose and foci.

Founding and the Early Years

The American Counseling Association (ACA) and the Texas Counseling Association (TCA) were inextricably linked for over 40 years though their origins were unique. ACA, originalIy the American Personnel and Guidance Association (APGA), traces its roots to a joint convention convened in Los Angeles in 1952. Leaders of the National Vocational Guidance Association (NVGA), the National Association of Guidance and Counselor Trainers (NAGCT), the Student Personnel Association for Teacher Education (SPATE), and the American College Personnel Association (ACPA) were hoping to join efforts in an attempt to become a more politically influential professional association. That year, APGA was "officially" established (American Counseling [ACA], n.d.).

TCA, originally the Texas Guidance Association (TGA), began as an interest group of sorts from within the membership of the Texas State Teachers Association (TSTA), with vocational guidance personnel choosing to meet, as were other school personnel groups, during the annual TSTA convention, Beginning in San Antonio in 1934, repre- sentatives of TSTA's "Guidance Section" continued to meet annually for the next 6 years, with a hiatus from 1941-1947 because of World War II. The Guidance Section representatives at the 1948 convention decided to develop a separate association. Dr. Royal Embree was elected to chair the group that year and is considered to be the first president of the Texas Guidance Association. At the convention the following year, work began on a constitution and by-laws. With their completion in 1950, TGA became an official organization as a departmental affiliate of TSTA (Mathis, McKay, Mullins, & Schmidt, 1997).

APGA Grows

The American School Counselors Association was added as an APGA division in 1953 by the APGA Senate (ACA, n.d.) With membership in APGA being gained exclusively through one of the divisions, APGA Executive Secretary Sievers reported a total APGA membership of 5,074 with 1,017 multiple members across the five divisions in October 1954. Minutes from APGA Executive Council meetings throughout the 1950s indicate a focus on the annual conventions, membership maintenance and growth, member recognition, and member services such as the journal, newsletter, and yearbook (American Personnel Guidance Association [APGA], 1953, 1954a, 1954b, 1955a, 1955b, 1956a, 1956b, 1956c, 1956d, 1957a, 1957b, 1958a, 1958b). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Emerging Counselor Identity through the American Counseling Association and the Texas Counseling Association: An Historical Perspective
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.