Research on the Influencing Factors of Job Stress of University Teachers - Take Changchun University of Science and Technology as an Example/LA RECHERCHE SUR LES FACTEURS INFLUANT SUR LE STRESS AU TRAVAIL DES PROFESSEURS D'UNIVERSITE- LE CAS DE L'UNIVERSITE DES SCIENCES ET DE LA TECHNOLOGIE DE CHANGCHUN COMME EXEMPLE

By Bo, Meng; Liying, Guo | Canadian Social Science, March 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

Research on the Influencing Factors of Job Stress of University Teachers - Take Changchun University of Science and Technology as an Example/LA RECHERCHE SUR LES FACTEURS INFLUANT SUR LE STRESS AU TRAVAIL DES PROFESSEURS D'UNIVERSITE- LE CAS DE L'UNIVERSITE DES SCIENCES ET DE LA TECHNOLOGIE DE CHANGCHUN COMME EXEMPLE


Bo, Meng, Liying, Guo, Canadian Social Science


Abstract

The paper selects 159 teachers of Changchun University of Science and Technology (CUST) by stratified sampling method to perform questionnaire survey, determines five factors that influence the job stress of university teachers by principal component analysis. It also analyzes the influence of academic title, gender, age, education background, length of service and discipline difference on the job stress so as to guide universities to deal with teachers' job stress.

Key words: University teacher; Job stress; Job performance

Résumé

Le présent texte sélectionne 159 professeurs de l'Universitéde de la science et de la technologie de Changchun (CUST) par la méthode d'échantillonnage stratifié pour effectuer enquête par questionnaire, détermine cinq facteurs qui influencent le stress au travail des professeurs d'université par l'analyse en composantes principales. Il analyse également l'influence du titre de formation, le sexe, l'âge, l'éducation de base, la durée de service et de la différence de discipline sur le stress au travail afin de guider les universités à faire face au stress d'emploi des enseignants.

Mots Clés: Professeur d'université; Le stress au travail; Le rendement au travail

INTRODUCTION

Education is critical to the prosperity of a nation and universities are the source of innovation. University teachers play an important role for the quality of higher education, but the economic system reform from the planned economy to market economy, college enrollment expansion since 1999, undergraduate and graduate education quality assessment have put great stress on teachers' teaching, research and social capital accumulation. University teachers' outflow and death at an early age that happened frequently are becoming the center of public attention in different departments. On January 13, 2012, the event that a teacher of Tsinghua University named Cao Z. X. sent out a microblog for help was proved resulted from excessive stress. The survey data shows that 40-50 year-old is the peak period of university teachers' death, but this period is the right time for them to get achievements. However, the arduous task of teaching, the stress of increasing research requirements and the difficulty in pursuit of academic titles put more and more stress on them. So it is theoretically and practically important for us to study the influencing factors of the job stress of university teachers who take great social responsibility so that to build a harmonious academic and research environment, improve teaching quality of teachers and enhance students' learning efficiency, reduce the stress of student employment and improve the overall quality of Chinese.

1. THE DEFINITION OF TEACHERS' JOB STRESS

1.1 Stress and Job Stress

(1) Stress

Stress is a kind of dynamic scenario, in which an individual has to face the opportunities, limitations and requirements related to his or her desired goal, and the result from the dynamic scenarios is considered to be important and uncertain. According to the definition of stress, the existence of stress relies on three conditions: (i) there are opportunities, constraints and requirements related to an individual; (ii) the result of the opportunities, limitations and requirements is considered important by; (iii) the result is uncertain.

(2) Job stress

Job stress, also known as job tension, is the tense feeling in the work environment because of job. In a narrow sense, job stress means an employee's stress felt in the work scenario. In a broad sense, job stress includes the stress an employee experiences in and outside work. In this paper, job stress means the stress in a broad sense.

1.2 The Concept of Teacher's Job Stress

Inspired by the research on stress and job stress, many scholars have studied teachers' job stress. At present, their isn't a uniform definition of teacher' job stress, Qin Ping believes that a teacher's job stress is a series of passive feelings in his occupation activity because his self-esteem and safety are threatened due to the duties, requirements, expectations he bears are beyond his ability, such as anger and anxiety.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Research on the Influencing Factors of Job Stress of University Teachers - Take Changchun University of Science and Technology as an Example/LA RECHERCHE SUR LES FACTEURS INFLUANT SUR LE STRESS AU TRAVAIL DES PROFESSEURS D'UNIVERSITE- LE CAS DE L'UNIVERSITE DES SCIENCES ET DE LA TECHNOLOGIE DE CHANGCHUN COMME EXEMPLE
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.