The Memory Failures of Everyday Questionnaire (MFE): Internal Consistency and Reliability

By Carrasco, Pedro Montejo; Peña, Mercedes Montenegro et al. | The Spanish Journal of Psychology, July 1, 2012 | Go to article overview

The Memory Failures of Everyday Questionnaire (MFE): Internal Consistency and Reliability


Carrasco, Pedro Montejo, Peña, Mercedes Montenegro, Sueiro, Manuel J., The Spanish Journal of Psychology


The Memory Failures of Everyday Questionnaire (MFE) is one of the most widely-used instruments to assess memory failures in daily life. The original scale has nine response options, making it difficult to apply; we created a three-point scale (0-1-2) with response choices that make it easier to administer. We examined the two versions' equivalence in a sample of 193 participants between 19 and 64 years of age. The test-retest reliability and internal consistency of the version we propose were also computed in a sample of 113 people. Several indicators attest to the two forms' equivalence: the correlation between the items' means (r = .94; p < .001) and the order of the items' frequencies (r = .92; p < .001). However, the correlation between global scores on the two forms was not very high (r = .67; p < .001). The results indicate this new version has adequate reliability and internal consistency (r^sub xx'^ = .83; p < .001; α = .83; p < .001) equivalent to those of the MFE 1-9. The MFE 0-2 provides a brief, simple evaluation, so we recommend it for use in clinical practice as well as research.

Keywords: MFE, memory assessment, memory complaints, everyday memory failures, memory questionnaires.

El Cuestionario de Fallos de Memoria de la Vida Cotidiana (MFE) es uno de los instrumentos más utilizados para valorar los olvidos cotidianos. La escala original tiene nueve opciones de respuesta lo que dificulta su aplicación; hemos elaborado una nueva escala de tres opciones de respuestas (0-1-2) más sencilla de administrar. La equivalencia entre ambas versiones se estudió en una muestra de 193 participantes de 19 a 64 años. También se estimó la fiabilidad test-retest y consistencia interna de la versión propuesta en otra muestra de 113 personas. Varios indicadores mostraron la equivalencia entre ambas formas: la correlación entre las medias de los elementos (r = .94; p < .001) y el orden de las frecuencias de los ítems (r = .92; p < .001). Sin embargo la correlación entre las puntuaciones globales de las dos formas no fue muy elevada (r = .67; p < .001). Respecto a la fiabilidad y consistencia interna de la nueva versión los resultados fueron adecuados (r^sub xx'^ = .83; p < .001; α = .83; p < .001), y equivalentes a los del MFE 1-9. El MFE 0-2 ofrece un sistema de valorar breve y sencillo por lo que recomendamos su uso en la práctica clínica y en la investigación.

Palabras clave: MFE, evaluación de memoria, quejas de memoria, olvidos cotidianos, cuestionarios de memoria.

Everyday memory failures form part of the study of memory and memory disorders. Until now, research in this field has focused primarily on the elderly. Memory failures have been studied in terms of memory complaints, which are a manifestation of one's perception and experience of memory failures. Recently, memory complaints have become the subject of growing interest, mostly due to their possible validity as a diagnostic criterion for cognitive impairment (Riedel-Heller, Schork, Matschinger, & Angermeyer, 2000). They are included among the criteria for a diagnosis of Age-associated Memory Impairment (Crook et al., 1986) as well as Mild Cognitive Impairment (Petersen et al., 1999). Numerous studies have posed the question of whether or not memory complaints predict dementia, although this question has not been fully resolved (Jonker, Geerlings, & Schmand, 2000).

On the other hand, everyday memory failures and their manifestation in the form of memory complaints are increasingly worrisome to adults, yet few studies have been conducted in this population. Basset and Folstein (1993) carried out a population study of individuals 18 to 92 years-old, and found that the differences among people under 65 were not significant, but the differences were indeed significant between participants under and over 65. A study of subjects between the ages of 39 and 89 indicated there is no relationship between age and total number of memory failures, but that the type of memory failures may differ according to age. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Memory Failures of Everyday Questionnaire (MFE): Internal Consistency and Reliability
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.