Gender Role Self-Concept, Gender Role Attitudes and the Participation in Gender-Typed Vocational and Leisure Sport Courses

By Athenstaedt, Ursula | Psychologische Beiträge, January 1, 2002 | Go to article overview

Gender Role Self-Concept, Gender Role Attitudes and the Participation in Gender-Typed Vocational and Leisure Sport Courses


Athenstaedt, Ursula, Psychologische Beiträge


Summary, Zusammenfassung

In two studies we examined 'the relationship between gender role self-concept and gender role attitudes with the gender typicality of chosen vocational and leisure sport courses, respectively. The results differed for the two life domains. Both men and women who participated in masculine vocational training courses described themselves as being more masculine than participants in feminine courses. For leisure sport courses, this relation was only found for women. For men (not for women) in both studies gender role attitudes correlated with the gender typicality of the chosen course. Men with more traditional attitudes were more likely to choose masculine courses. Over all, the results underlined the masculine orientation of the vocational and the sport domains. Furthermore, they showed the importance of social gender norms especially for men, as they exclude them from feminine activities. A possible situation-dependent activation of gender role self-concept will be discussed.

Key words: Gender role self-concept, femininity, masculinity, gender role attitudes, extended vocational training, leisure sport

Geschlechtsrollen-Selbstkonzept, Geschlechtsrollen-Orientierung and die Teilnahme an geschlechtstypischen Berufs- and Freizeitsportkursen

In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurden Zusammenhange zwischen geschlechtsbezogenen Selbstkonzeptvariablen und Einstellungen mit der Geschechtstypikalitat eines gew5hlten Kurses untersucht. Zwei Studien wurden zu diesem Zweck durchgefuhrt. Eine Studie untersuchte die Fragestellung an weiterbildenden Berufskursen, die andere Studie an von der Universitat angebotenen Freizeitsportkursen. Die Ergebnisse unterschieden sich hinsichtlich der beiden Lebensbereiche. Frauen und Minner, die an typisch m5nnlichen Berufskursen teilnahmen, beschrieben sich maskuliner als TeilnehmerInnen weiblicher Kurse. Dieser Zusammenhang konnte bei Freizeitsportkursen nur fUr Frauen bestatigt werden. Nr Manner (nicht flir Frauen) spielte bei beiden Studien deren normative Geschlechtsrollenorientierung eine bedeutende Rolle. Mannliche Teilnehmer in maskulinen Kursen waren traditioneller eingestellt als m5nnliche Teilnehmer in femininen Kursen. Insgesamt wird durch die Ergebnisse die maskuline Farbung der Lebensbereiche Beruf und Sport deutlich. Daneben zeigt sich aber auch die Bedeutung sozialer Geschlechtsnormen, die es vor allem fur Manner schwierig macht, feminine Interessen zu zeigen. Es wird auch eine m/gliche situationsbedingte Beeinflussung der Selbstkonzeptaktivierung diskutiert.

Schlusselworter: Geschlechtsrollen-Selbstkonzept, Femininitat, Maskulinitat, normative Geschlechtsrollenorientierung, Berufsweiterbildung, Freizeitsport

The present study examined the relationship between cognitive gender-related variables, (i.e. gender role self-concept and gender role attitudes), and the amount of gender-typicality of chosen vocational and sport courses. Both the vocational and the sport domains have a masculine orientation in that masculine characteristics are more important to achieve social acceptance in these domains than feminine characteristics (e.g. Cejka & Eagly, 1999 for occupations; Messner, 1992 for sports). Additionally, gender segregation is still present in both domains. The aim of the two reported studies was to examine whether gendered self variables are related to the choice of more or less gender-typed vocational and leisure sport courses. Existing research in the field of occupational psychology has revealed considerable evidence that masculinity and gender role attitudes are linked to variables such as vocational interests, occupational choices and other career related psychological variables (e.g. Abele, 2000; O'Brien & Fassinger, 1993; Tokar & Jome, 1998). There is less evidence that femininity contributes to variables in this domain.

In contrast to the great amount of research in occupational psychology, there has been almost no research on this aspect of leisure sports. …

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