Crisis of Femininity

Hindustan Times (New Delhi, India), January 6, 2013 | Go to article overview

Crisis of Femininity


India, Jan. 5 -- The sustained national outcry over an unspeakable sexual assault has put the spotlight not only on crimes against women, but also exposed the underlying patriarchy that is holding India back. The crisis of femininity and masculinity has never been more apparent. How do we heal? How? All aspects of society - from the state to popular culture and education - need to introspect and act. Every woman needs and deserves a better life

*How should the State respond?

Curb entry of criminals into politics: Members of political parties with criminal charges against them should not be allowed to contest elections. Six sitting MLAs face rape charges and two MPs have been charged with sexual assault. Another 36 politicians also face charges.

Moral charters for political parties: There is a need for a normative charter of moral behaviour for parties.

Passing key legislations: Key bills are left hanging in Parliament. The Criminal Laws (Amendment) Bill 2012 is crucial as it seeks to make rape gender neutral by widening its definition. The bill also defines acid attacks with separate punishment.

Also, under current and proposed laws, marital rape is not defined and falls under the domestic violence act as cruelty.

Define stalking: Stalking was dropped from the Criminal Laws bill. There is no law or punishment to deal with it.

Sexual assault does not need intent: Anything short of rape is considered bailable under section 354 CrPC. This is antiquated and needs amendment. A major flaw is that it looks at intent of sexual assault - whether aimed at outraging modesty of a woman or not.

Sexism of public officials: Public officials who make sexist comments - about attire or behaviour of women - should be taken to task. Although the penal code protects women through the Indecent Representation of Women Act, the law needs amendment for strong punitive mechanisms.

*How should judicial process be swifter?

Modernising courts: Technology in courts needs drastic improvement to speed up the judicial process. Indian courts should have video recording of witness statements and testimonies with automatic transcription machines.

Indian judges can currently dictate upto 25 pages of an order in a day while American judges can go through at least 300 pages.

"There is nothing wrong with the law. It just moves at bullock cart speeds," says senior advocate KTS Tulsi. He adds, "It's ironic that an IT superpower like India cannot even provide better technology to enhance the criminal justice system."

Speedier processes: The real need is permanent fast-track courts on the basis of a regular structure (not in an ad-hoc manner on the basis of a social outcry). Fast-track courts were earlier set up in 2001 but the Centre refused to finance them beyond March 2011.

The courts also need to ensure day to day trials in such cases.

*How should policing improve?

Increasing strength: Over five lakh posts lie vacant against the sanctioned 20 lakh all over India. The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD) puts the number of policemen at 81-131 per 100,000 across states, compared to the required 174.

Separate VIP duties: 7% of the Delhi police is dedicated to VIP duties. Besides those, nearly half the force is used in doing odd jobs.

Increasing female force: 7% of the Delhi police is female and most are on the desk, leaving few in the field. The home minister ordered recruiting female cops in each Delhi police station, a step required across country.

Sensitisation: Citing the Zee news interview of the victim's friend who revealed how three PCR vans wasted time instead of helping, BN Chattoraj, a criminology expert says, "Not just gender sensitisation but a general sensitisation is also necessary."

Upgradation: The weakest links are the police stations in the country which need drastic changes. Senior advocate KTS Tulsi said that if there were standardised designs for stations with tamper-proof recording of processes, there would be no hostile witness. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Crisis of Femininity
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.