An Exploratory Study on Female Employees' Perception toward Work Environment: Structural Equation Modelling Approach

By Rahman, Muhammad Sabbir | International Journal of Business Studies, December 2012 | Go to article overview

An Exploratory Study on Female Employees' Perception toward Work Environment: Structural Equation Modelling Approach


Rahman, Muhammad Sabbir, International Journal of Business Studies


The purpose of this paper is to find out the factors that are influencing female employees' perception toward work environment in the private organisation's perspective. The survey instruments were employed on 150 female employees of different position from various private organisations by using convenient sampling procedure in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Data analysis was carried out through exploratory factor analysis (EFA); confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modelling (SEM) of total samples respectively. From this research it was discovered that most of the respondents had given greater priority on the level of interaction followed by work based self-esteem and job involvement. It is hoped that to create a better work environment for the female employees' the findings of this study may assist government and non-government organisations where majority of the workforce are diversified. Employers can also incorporate these findings by shaping organisational culture in such a way as to enhance the overall level of job satisfaction of their female employees, making them more willing to remain and build their career within the organisation. So the organisation can minimise the chances of losing talented individuals and is thus more likely to create a competitive advantage. No single exploratory research has been conducted over the years under this perspective in Bangladeshi's environment. Moreover, this is a relatively new issue that remains largely undiscovered by researchers under the underdeveloped country's perspective.

Keywords: work environment, female workforce, job involvement, work-based selfesteem, Dhaka City, Bangladesh

I. INTRODUCTION

On a global scale, women represent a relatively untapped source of talent in the workplace. Even though progress has been made over the last decades, barriers to women's advancement continue to persist. Organisations need to address stereotypical bias in order to ensure that they do not underutilise any segment of the talent pool, and scarce managerial skills are effectively deployed. In Bangladesh the workforce composition has changed considerably over the past 10 years. In recent time it has observed that to cope with the changing environment on human resource management practices, the workforce of Bangladesh especially in private organisation is becoming more and more diverse in terms of gender, ethnicity, age, and so forth (Islam and Siengthai, 2010).

At present, research that directly links the concept of female employees' perception towards work environment in organisations is in immense shortage under the Bangladeshi work environment perspective where large number of workforce are female. This knowledge gap is the area where the present research intends to contribute. To this aim, this research on female employees' perception on their current work environment would provide valuable information for the corporate leaders for better utilisation of the massive workforce in a developing country like Bangladesh where a significant number of workforce are female. The overall objective of this research is to present insights about the working woman's perception toward work environment in organisations. In short this research also tries to explore the following specific objectives as well. These are:

* To find out factors, influencing women's perception toward the working environment; and

* To offer some recommendation(s) under the perspective of the perception of working women toward the environment in private organisations.

II. LITERATURE REVIEW

Different studies and sources in several countries show that the increase of women in managerial positions is still lopsided, especially when compared to the total number of females in the workforce (Vianen and Fischer, 2002; Vinnicombie, 2000). Indeed, there is a growing body of literature that has spanned the last three decades regarding the issue of sex discrimination against women in corporate management.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

An Exploratory Study on Female Employees' Perception toward Work Environment: Structural Equation Modelling Approach
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.