The Analysis of Health Research System Evaluation in Medical Sciences Universities

By Djalalinia, Sh; Peykari, N. et al. | Iranian Journal of Public Health, January 2013 | Go to article overview

The Analysis of Health Research System Evaluation in Medical Sciences Universities


Djalalinia, Sh, Peykari, N., Owlia, P., Eftekhari, M. Baradaran, Habibi, E., Falahat, K., Mojarrab, Sh, Malekafzali, H., Ghanei, M., Iranian Journal of Public Health


Abstract

Background: Based on Iran by 2025 defined vision, we must to receive the first grade of science position in south western Asian region. Thus we need to have a comprehensive evaluation program.

Methods: A comprehensive WHO Health Research System Analysis (HRSA)- based evaluation system was developed to evaluate the HRS in Iran. This article has explored the results of the five-year evaluation (2003-2008) and aims to introduce this method to other developing countries. Here we explore the results of research performance evaluation from 2002 to 2010 and by comparing the results with previous available information, we reveal the probable role of this method in research promotion and proposed approach to facilitate and expedite achieving the prospects for goals of health research based on the visions of Iran by 2025.

Results: All of the indicators of stewardship and capacity building axes are received to their predefined levels. Moreover all of the medical science university research policies are based on their strategic plannings which are extracted from national visions of Iran by 2025. Most of the predefined goals in knowledge production domain had a significant grow trend but for more growth for commitments they should be closely follow.

Conclusion: We developed an HRS-based comprehensive evaluation program to our national vision as well as our regional and international research competition.

Keywords: Health, Research, System, Evaluation, Iran

Introduction

Evaluation as a general refers to the determination of the quality of a program based on the formulating a judgment (1, 2). In recent decades the evaluation of the universities and institutions has opened one of the most controversial and interesting area (3-5).

Different international universities and scientific institutes assessing and ranking methods have been developed in different countries based on specific aims and interests (6-9).

As each country has the special research area with specific vision and so many other considerable inclusive factors, validation of developed methods based on specific conditions and research strategies is the most preferable strategy for research promotion (6, 10, 11). In Iran, the Comprehensive Scientific Map of the Country has outlined a coordinated and dynamic collection for achieving the visionary goals of the country by 2025 (12-14). Considering above we developed an HRS-based (Health Research System-based) method of research components evaluation which helps health research policy makers to more evidence based approaches (15-18).

The present paper is intended to assess a part of comprehensive achievement of the intermediate and long term health research goals and define appropriate approach to facilitate and expedite achieving of goals of health research based on the visions of Iran by 2025.

Material and Methods

Aiming to access the flow, strengths and weaknesses of health research; in 2001 the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran began a process to annual research performance evaluation of governmental medical sciences and their affiliated research institutions. Data collection forms were designed based on some indicators of WHO Health Research System Analysis (HRSA) considering the indicators of standardized international universities' assessing and specific vision of health researches in our country by participation of key HRS policy makers and other health research stakeholders. Through the pilot study with participation of eight medical sciences universities, the validity and reliability of them were confirmed. It consists of 2 main parts; inputs including human resource and allocated research budget, and outputs covering HRS evaluation indicators. HRS indicators were scored in three axes based on effective HRS functions: Indicators of stewardship axes were the assessment of health research priority setting; five-year strategic plan formulation and monitoring; establishment and performance of Ethic Committee.

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