The Influence of Transformational Leadership on the Level of TQM Implementation in the Higher Education Sector

By Argia, Hassan A. A.; Ismail, Aziah | Higher Education Studies, February 2013 | Go to article overview

The Influence of Transformational Leadership on the Level of TQM Implementation in the Higher Education Sector


Argia, Hassan A. A., Ismail, Aziah, Higher Education Studies


Abstract

This current research paper investigates the role of transformational leadership on impacting the level of TQM implementation in the higher education sector. In addition, TQM, as a management philosophy, can be implemented successfully only when incorporated into the prevailing learning organization and adequate understanding of transformational leadership. The understanding of the relationship between the two represents a useful starting point into gaining an insight of TQM implementation in the higher education institutes. In order to build a strong foundation for the current research pivotal relevant review of previous literatures was initiated. The review assisted the researcher in formulating the research objectives, questions, aims and framework. The quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to derive the relationship between the variables of the study. A total number of 500 lecturers were selected randomly in order to exemplify the questionnaire raised topics complex. The findings of the current research indicated that transformational leadership dimension have positive influences and significant towards the practices of TQM in the selected universities.

Keywords: transformational leadership, TQM, Libyan higher education

1. Introduction

The international business and global management impact on higher education have placed challenges for higher education institutions (HEIs) to be in line with the globalization needs. Many countries around the world are now moving towards 'mass' higher education (Moi, 2006) in order to meet such current challenges. In addition, Van Vught (1996) asserts that adequate quality management is needed in higher education which the procedure and method consider as a mean to help higher education institutions to achieve their quality management purposes. In Libya the rapid evolution in the number of institutions of higher education led to the low level of performance of many of these institutions.

The low level of performance is caused by several factors, including lack of faculty specialists, weak institutional infrastructure, lack of equipment necessary for educational activities, and absence of quality programs for such institutions. For example, there are a large number of students in departments and disciplines not required by the society and the labor market (Abu Jaafar, 2009), aside from the quantitative and qualitative evolution in the provision of services. The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization estimates that the proportion of the quantitative increase in the number of students in higher education in Libya is the highest level among Arab states (Bashir, 2005).

Thus as many developed countries, Libya prioritized the quality of her higher education as this level of education produce human capital for nation development (Al-Mansouri, 2004; Ali, 2005). Furthermore, higher education is a fundamental part of the infrastructures of the overall national development and it is a key factor in building capabilities and skills, in accordance to this fact, the Libyan government enriched the higher education sector with experts from the public planning council, whom were asked to prepared a national strategy targeted to develop higher education in Libya (Theeb, 2009; Al-Mansouri, 2004). Moreover,

The national strategy for higher education in Libya has outlined plans which need to be followed by higher education management system which has to diagnose and identify problems, develops visions and goals, and identify the executive steps. The most important priorities proposed by this strategy are the reformation of the administrative and financial system to ensure the independence of universities as without this, no real change can be made or be effective (Theeb, 2009). However, AbdulKarim (2010) explained that, for the time being, these branches are still ineffective which is a big issue faced by the (HEIs) in Libya. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Influence of Transformational Leadership on the Level of TQM Implementation in the Higher Education Sector
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.