The Main Treaties and Conventions Adopted by the European Council

By Popa, Dumitru | International Journal of Communication Research, April/June 2013 | Go to article overview

The Main Treaties and Conventions Adopted by the European Council


Popa, Dumitru, International Journal of Communication Research


Abstract

The European Council is the organization in which all European countries that adhere to democratic ideals can find themselves to jointly examine any European matter. The more important political, economic and social events in Europe's life are the object of thorough discussions within the European Council. About these matters, the Council adopts different acts. Within this activity of drawing up and adopting by member states of the Council of numerous international conventions resides the legislative, international, function of the Council. The conventions adopted under the aegis of the Council only bring together the member states which have accepted them, through ratification or in holding by them. During its existence, the European Council has had a prodigious activity, especially in what concerns the adoption of extremely important documents. Thus, over 150 European conventions and treaties have been adopted.

These instruments, mandatory for the member states, are made whole by an ensemble of recommendations which express the will of the member state to cooperate in a fruitful manner to find solutions for the great collaboration problems with which over 400 million Europeans are confronted.

Keywords: progressive institutional process, supranational structures, economic solidarity, common institutional system, systematic cooperation, Schengen Agreement.

1. GENERAL PRESENTATION

The creation of the European Union was an aggressive institutional process, being the result of the concerted efforts of western democracies, in the wish of an authentic socio-economic and political integration. The idea of a united Europe was not a new desideratum; promoted by the League of Nations, a beginning in this sense was marked by the appearance, in 1949, of the European Council, by the common will of ten countries (Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden). It played a part mainly in the social and cultural field, and not in the economic one. On a military level, an important moment was marked by the setting up of the Western European Union-U.E.O, through the signing, on 17 March, 1948, of The Treaty of Brussels, (modified through the Paris Accords of 23 October, 1954), which contained the provision for mutual military assistance in case of aggression by a member state.

Quite consistent was also the American intercession, through the launch of the Marshall Plan1 to help the European countries which were in deep water after the war (context in which we must also refer to the founding of the Organization for European Economic Co-operation-O.E.C.E. on 16 April, 1948, conceived as a structure which would continue the objectives proposed by the Marshall Plan) or on a political and military level, with the establishment of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation-N.A.T.O. after the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April, 1949.

In response, the socialist countries in Central and Eastern Europe, under the political and economic influence of the U.S.S.R, laid the basis of similar international structures of economic cooperation-the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance-C.A.E.R. in January, 1949, and of military cooperation, by signing the Warsaw Pact on 14 May 1955. As a result of the elimination of communist regimes in member states and the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the international organisations mentioned before became history, being dissolved in 1991.

One important, transient, episode in the forming process of the European Union was the establishment of the three European Communities within which the cooperation between member states was meant to be more efficient than the one allowed by the international organisations mentioned previously.

2. THE PARIS TREATY

Knowing the role that the coal and steel industry have played in triggering world conflicts and trying to pacify the French and German interests in the economic field, Jean Monnet (high commissioner for the modernisation and equipment of France) proposes to govern the market sector comprising coal and steel through a supranational structure. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Main Treaties and Conventions Adopted by the European Council
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.