Road Traffic Accidents in Kazakhstan

By Aubakirova, Alma; Kossumov, Alibek et al. | Iranian Journal of Public Health, March 2013 | Go to article overview

Road Traffic Accidents in Kazakhstan


Aubakirova, Alma, Kossumov, Alibek, Igissinov, Nurbek, Iranian Journal of Public Health


Abstract

Background: The article provides the analysis of death rates in road traffic accidents in Kazakhstan from 2004 to 2010 and explores the use of sanitary aviation.

Methods: Data of fatalities caused by road traffic accidents were collected and analysed. Descriptive and analytical methods of epidemiology and biomedical statistics were applied.

Results: Totaly 27,003 people died as a result of road traffic accidents in this period. The death rate for the total population due to road traffic accidents was 25.2.1°/^sub 0000^. The death rate for men was (38.3.2°/^sub 0000^), which was higher (P<0.05) than that for women (12.1.1°/^sub 0000^). High death rates in the entire male population were identified among men of 30-39 years old, whereas the highest rates for women were attributed to the groups of 50-59 years old and 70-79 years old. In time dynamics, death rates tended to decrease: the total population (T^sub dec^=-2.4%), men (T^sub dec^=-2.3%) and women (T^sub dec^=-1.4%). When researching territorial relevance, the rates were established as low (to 18.3°/^sub 0000^), average (between18.3 and24.0°/^sub 0000^) and high (from 24.00/0000 and above). Thus, the regions with high rates included Akmola region (24.3°/^sub 0000^), Mangistau region (25.9°/^sub 0000^), Zhambyl region (27.3°/^sub 0000^), Almaty region (29.3°/^sub 0000^) and South Kazakhstan region (32.4°/^sub 0000^).

Conclusion: The identified epidemiological characteristics of the population deaths rates from road traffic accidents should be used in integrated and targeted interventions to enhance prevention of injuries in accidents.

Keywords: Death rate, Traffic, Accident, Kazakhstan

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction

According to the global statistics, each year 300,000 people die as a result of road traffic acci-dents (RTA) and over 8 million people receive injuries. An annual growth rate of fatal injuries is 5% (1). According to a report by WHO, India is a leading county in the number of deaths in RTA in the world ranking. According to data for 2007, 114,590 people died in India as a result of RTA. The second place belongs to China with 89,455 deaths. According to statistics (2), 5 -12% of all deaths are deaths from RTA. 28-47% of the total number of deaths is deaths at an RTA site or dur-ing transportation (3). RTA injuries are becoming epidemic. Their negative consequences by far exceed outcomes of both communicable and some non-communicable diseases (4, 5). To date, traffic accidents have become one of the main causes of injury, disability and mortality worldwide (6-8).

Projections show that the global annual number of deaths on roads will increase in the next 20 years by 65% unless effective road safety measures are undertaken to prevent traffic accidents and reduce severity of their outcomes (7).

One mechanism for reducing deaths from RTA is compliance with the rules of a so-called "golden hour" and a so-called "diamond half an hour", when required medical care is provided to victims in the first hour after an injury is received. This allows the highest chance of survival and significant reduction of risks of complications.

A review of research in Europe (9) showed that about 50% of deaths from RTA occur within a few minutes at a site of an accident or en-route to hospital. Fifteen% of victims die in hospital within four hours after an accident and 35% die after four hours. A comparative study of deaths from RTA in several countries (10) showed that the ma-jority of deaths in low and middle-income coun-tries occur before admission to hospital. World leading countries' experience shows that the use of air medical / ambulance service (AMS) in cases of RTA reduces mortality by 30-40%.

In Kazakhstan, one, among already existing action plans and mechanisms to reduce fatalities, is re-vival of the AMS. The use of small aircrafts (heli-copters) can reduce time to hospital admission and increase efficiency of actions provided after an RTA (11).

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Road Traffic Accidents in Kazakhstan
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.